mao quotes great leap forward

It’s the spring planting season, isn’t it?’ The answer to that question could be found in the thousands of smoking chimneys we saw each day. As a result of the exaggerations, party officials carried off most of the food to serve as the cities' share of the harvest, leaving the farmers with nothing to eat. A common slogan in the 1950s summed it up: “The Soviet Union’s today is our tomorrow.”At same time, however, one can detect within Mao’s policies and statements … ISBN: 0300184042. One is emptiness, the other is blankness, with no encumbrances of any kind. The program had two parts. Mao Zedong, responding to Lin Biao’s speech (above), January 1962, “Mrs Chang assured me that statements made by foreigners about communes ‘breaking up the home’ are ‘very silly talk’. At a well known Chinese artist’s home, I had a very passable ‘Minority Duck’ dinner once which turned out to be a neighbour’s ginger tom.” On the contrary, ‘the home is much happier now because the heavy burdens are removed’. Mao Zedong's Quotes Extra Facts Project Sources The Great Leap Forward. Dense cropping and deep plowing stripped the farmland of nutrients and left the agricultural soil vulnerable to erosion as well. This was also the era of massive irrigation projects — local, regional, and national in scope — that were to result in impressive gains in crop yields in subsequent years. Liu Shaoqi, 1950, “When the Third Five Year Plan is completed in 1967, the yields for grain and many other agricultural products should be double or triple the highest yields before the People’s Republic was founded [in 1949].” A Sichuan schoolboy on the Four Pests campaign, “We had to bang on pots until the poor sparrows were exhausted. Mao Zedong, 1958, “With 11 million tons of steel next year and 17 million tons the year after, the world will be shaken. Mao Zedong on the Great Leap Forward, “I am a complete outsider when it comes to economic construction. Mao Zedong on the Great Leap Forward “I am a complete outsider when it comes to economic construction. Mao Zedong. You’ll feel much better for it.” Farmers in the Great Leap Forward Era (Historians on the Warpath) Mao Versus Sparrows. Mao, the grim reaper. Political power grows out of the barrel of a gun. Some were sent to farming cooperatives, while others worked in small manufacturing. However, the Great Leap resulted in one of the greatest disasters in history. Some scholars have also included the years 1958 or 1962. With hindsight, the results were predictably bad. On p.134 of Mao’s Great Famine, Dikotter quotes Mao as saying during the Great Leap Forward ‘When there is not enough to eat, people starve to death. Yue Daiyun, peasant woman, “Naturally we have defects and mistakes… Like a child playing with fire, without experience, knowing pain only after being burned. What does he want with chanting these liturgies all the time?” “ Mao's Great Famine is a gripping and masterful portrait of the brutal court of Mao, based on new research but also written with great narrative verve, that tells the gripping story of the manmade famine that killed 45 million people, from the dictator and his henchmen down to the villages of rural China.” [But] there was too much haste. At that time, we only thought that they ate grain.” Mao Zedong. It was many years before we knew that sparrows are good birds. Yang Jisheng, Chinese writer, on the Great Famine of 1959-61, “Some people don’t give up their convictions until they see the Yellow River and have nowhere to retreat to. I thought that sounded alright.” Mao Zedong to Dr Li Zhisui, 1961, “The peasants do nothing but complain. To help improve agriculture, Mao forced people to work collectively (together) on farms. The results, unfortunately, were catastrophic. Mao's aims The Great Leap Forward was China's second Five Year Plan. His words are always so clear and direct. If we can reach 40 million tons in five years, we may possibly catch up with Great Britain in seven years. That is annoying. Lin Biao, January 1962, “What a good speech vice-chairman Lin has made. As the originator of the disaster, he ended up being sidelined from power until 1967, when he called for the Cultural Revolution. When Mao … Backyard smelters run by peasants with no metallurgy training produced such low-quality material that it was completely worthless. There were 17 of them and they did the work in less than an hour and would take no payment.” There, he summed up its ethos as “more, faster, better, and more economical,” and the Great Leap Forward was set in motion. However, this plan backfired in a tragic fashion. Under Mao, everything is great but they only eat porridge. I sweated my guts out. Mao Zedong. Steelworkers got the most in bulk and grain, but intellectuals got more meat, sugar and fats.” After Mao declared the failure of the Great Leap in 1962, almost all methods of communication became cornerstones for propaganda as they fixated on recuperating and reiterating the cult of Mao. All we have to do is give the peasants their own land, then everyone will have plenty to eat.” A revolution is not a dinner party, or writing an essay, or painting a picture, or doing embroidery; it cannot be so refined, so leisurely and gentle, so temperate, kind, courteous, restrained and magnanimous. If we encounter any problems, any difficulty, it is because we have not followed the instructions of the Chairman closely enough, because we have ignored or circumscribed the Chairman’s advice.” In Hongtai Commune alone there were 170 people who ate 125 corpses, as well as killing and eating five other people… In some cases, individuals barbarously consumed their own parents, children, spouses and siblings. Families had to meet quotas for steel production, so in desperation, they often melted down useful items such as their own pots, pans, and farm implements. Relationship: spouse. But deep down the soil is no good, too compact. But the temperature was too low. Speaking at The Independent Woodstock Literary Festival, Frank Dikötter, a Hong Kong-based historian, said he found that during the time that Mao was enforcing the Great Leap Forward … Wood can never burn hot enough to make steel.” Mikhail Klochko, Soviet advisor in China, “Before, the water in the [rice] paddy used to be above the ankle. In Gansu they killed outsiders; people told me strangers passed through and they killed and ate them. This page contains a collection of Chinese Revolution quotations about agrarian reform and the Great Leap Forward, made by prominent leaders, figures, observers and historians. An unnamed peasant on the practice of ‘deep ploughing’, “All property has to be state-owned, all houses and furniture have been turned into government property. Mao created the Great Leap Forward to help China modernize and catch up with the west. He relied, however, on nonsensical Soviet farming ideas, such as planting crops very close together so that the stems could support one another and plowing up to six feet deep to encourage root growth. He ate Chen Zaxi. Sky View Big. Over just a few years, the Great Leap Forward also caused massive environmental damage in China. In that way, no one would lose anything but all would gain. The Great Chinese Famine (Chinese: 三年大饥荒, "three years of great famine") was a period between 1959 and 1961 in the history of the People's Republic of China (PRC) characterized by widespread famine. Ronald Radosh. Esther Cheo Ying on urban food shortages in the late 1950s, “Ma Waiyou of Maiji commune, Xinmin village. Mao believed that both had to grow to allow the other to grow. These quotations have been selected and compiled by Alpha History authors. Part of an authoritarian regime is the dedication to ideological-based projects, even at the expense of economic or social progress. For more info, visit Alpha History or our Terms of Use. Mao Zedong. Mao Zedong, 1959, “Before [the Great Leap Forward] this was all virgin forest, with pines a foot thick. Peng Dehuai, 1958, “It was fun to wipe out the ‘Four Pests’. A letter from a Guangdong peasant, 1959, “Food became scarce in Beijing and queues built up at the few vegetable stores. The Great Leap Forward (Second Five Year Plan) of the People's Republic of China (PRC) was an economic and social campaign led by the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) from 1958 to 1962. Improving public health by eliminating the "four pests"—rats, mosquitoes, spar rows, and flies—was one initiative of the Great Leap Forward, but the In 1955, Mao was in a rural farming village to plan for the Great Leap Forward. Mao Zedong’s campaign called the “Great Leap Forward” (1958–1961) (大跃进) aimed to transform China into a modern industrial nation and to prepare China for communism in the near future. However, the extra work burden that neces… Asia Society, 13 October 2010. And the fires that were visible each night over the horizon. The first autumn of the Great Leap Forward, in 1958, came with a bumper crop in many areas, because the soil was not yet exhausted. The Great Leap Forward, the second five-year plan of the Chinese revolution, was an attempt to develop rapidly both industry and agriculture. It is better to let half of the people die so that the other half can eat their fill.’ There were many fewer sparrows after that. The crucial slogan during the Great Leap Forward, a two-year campaign where Mao encouraged peasants to join together in collective farms. He ate his own wife. If you want to know the taste of a pear, you must change the pear by eating it yourself. Liu Shaoqi, 1950, “Landlords in general will only be deprived of their land and abolished as a social class, but they will not be physically eliminated… Therefore it is a stipulation that after their lands have been confiscated, the landlords will still be given shares of land… That way they can make a living by their own labour, reform themselves through labour and become new men.” Then the farmers’ cooperative people came along. The Great Leap Forward was a movement in China that started in 1958 and lasted two years till 1960. As the commune members squatted there, swollen with malnutrition and constipated from the grim diet, the pigs would jostle them with their snouts, trying to get at the excrement before it had even fallen from their bodies.” Too terrible.” Power Gun Political. “One of the many paradoxes of the Great Leap Forward was that everything was for sale, as bricks, clothes and fuel were bartered for food. In economic construction, like a child without experience, we declared war on the earth, unfamiliar with the strategy or tactics.” It was difficult. The People’s Daily, 1958, “I suggest that we bestow upon the scientist or scientists who invented this great slogan ‘Leap Forward’ the title of First Doctor of Philosophy!” Mao Zedong, 1956, “I had less land and worse land than other men but was told that after the grain tax was paid we would all share the harvest alike. The next year, the Yellow River flooded, killing 2 million people either by drowning or by starvation after crop failures. People in the countryside began to starve. Great Leap Forward. Terrible. Mao Zedong on the failures of the Great Leap Forward, 1959, “The harvest had been bad. Mao also wanted to free China from the need to import steel and machinery. Mao Zedong, 1955, “More than 60 million peasant households in various parts of the country have already joined the cooperatives. In 1960, a widespread drought added to the nation's misery. In order to prove that China had made the “great leap” to an industrialized, rich, communist society, Mao ordered the complete collectivization of farms, factories, and most of society. The result was a big mess of melted metal. A revolution is an insurrection, an act of violence by which one class overthrows another. In 1958 Mao Zedong announced the Great Leap Forward, an attempt to increase agricultural and industrial production. No one has any rights at all… People fight each other to get to the rice barrels first but there is never enough. As a result of the successful economic reconstruction that had taken place in the early 1950’s. The Great Leap Forward was a push by Mao Zedong to change China from a predominantly agrarian (farming) society to a modern, industrial society—in just five years. Mao’s ambition. This Chinese Revolution website is created and maintained by Alpha History. Mao's 'Great Leap Forward' and the Power of History. The period between 1958 and 1960 is known as the "Three Bitter Years" in China. known as the Great Leap Forward. The official death toll from the Great Leap Forward is "only" 14 million, but the majority of scholars agree that this is a substantial underestimate. Between 1958 and 1960, millions of Chinese citizens were moved onto communes. The Great Leap Forward was a push by Mao Zedong to change China from a predominantly agrarian (farming) society to a modern, industrial society—in just five years. ‘Why are they not in the fields? I understand nothing about industrial planning… I do not claim to have invented the People’s Communes, only to have proposed them.” Online Sources: Great Leap Forward China's Great Leap Forward, 1958-1961 ... Forgotten Voices of Mao's Great Famine, 1958-1962 by Zhou Xun. Status: common peasant. Mao Zedong on farm collectivisation, 1955, “China has two advantages. Simultaneously, it would expand China's economy. Anhui police report on cannibalism, 1960, “Cannibalism occurred in many places. The Print Collector/Print Collector/Getty Images. In the third year, I did not manage to finish my ploughing. (Video) Arifa Akbar. Some ate corpses of people who had just died, others dug up bodies that had been dead for a week or even a month… A commune member named Bai Yinu ate a total of eight dead bodies, including his father, wife and daughter.” We have known for some time that Mao Zedong, founder of the People’s Republic of China, was one of the last century’s most brutal and vicious mass murderers. Nature Flowers Thought. Everybody bears some responsibility, including Comrade Mao Zedong… How can he not share some responsibility? Formerly the young wife in poorer families would have to work in the field and rush home to get the meals on a very slow stove, then stay up half the night to grind the grain… The husband would grumble if the meal wasn’t ready at once when he came home from work… ‘Now all this grumbling is over’, said Mrs Chang.” Search for More Suggested terms to look for include - diary, diaries, letters, papers, documents, documentary or correspondence. If you would like to suggest a quotation for these pages, please contact Alpha History. This reform programme included the establishment of large agricultural communes containing as many as 75,000 people. A peasant from Lei Da Shi, Sichuan province, “‘Where are those 500 million peasants?’ my Soviet colleague wondered. 2. Put organizations on a military footing, put actions on a war footing, put life on a collective footing, 1958 Chairman Mao just said ‘Forget it’. Mao announced a second Five Year Plan to last from 1958 to 1963. Mao hoped to increase China's agricultural output while also pulling workers from agriculture into the manufacturing sector. A student from Chongqing on the Four Pests campaign, “Later, scientists pointed out that sparrows also eat insects. A revolution is not a dinner party, or writing an essay, or painting a picture, or doing embroidery. So people are setting up more and more community canteens, nurseries, sewing groups…” Most of the victims starved to death in the countryside. Mao Zedong, 1957, “Wage a bitter struggle for three years and transform the look of a greater part of the country… The industrial output of local industries should exceed local agricultural output in five to ten years.” Peasant farmer Li Hai Yuan on cooperative farming, “The People’s Commune represents a much higher degree of socialist development and collectivisation… Its massive scale of production requires more efficient organisation with great labour flexibility, as well as women’s’ production participation. She has taught at the high school and university levels in the U.S. and South Korea. The peasants were carrying out the work of the [Communist] Party, working day and night at the mines and homemade blast furnaces… And we know the results: they did not obtain any more iron than before and there was much less bread and rice to go round.” We tried to do too much, we wasted part of our investments, we deferred certain essential tasks, and that is a mistake.” Mao Zedong, 1958, “The Chairman talks all the time about more, faster, better, and more economical results. “The essential content of agrarian reform is the confiscation of the land of the landlord class for distribution to the landless peasants. Backyard Steel Furnace during the Great Leap Forward. This plan was called the Great Leap Forward. This was supposed to be the first step. Peng Dehuai, 1959, “We must learn a lesson, not just complain or find fault. Friday, 17 September 2010. For Mao, the Great Leap Forward (1958-1962) stands out. Chairman Mao Zedong launched the campaign to reconstruct the country from an agrarian economy into a communist society through the formation of people's communes.Mao decreed increased efforts to … Was afraid to go in there at night Mao hoped to increase agricultural and industrial production Mao s! And mao quotes great leap forward happier now because the heavy burdens are removed ’ visit History. History and culture meat was almost non-existent and the cat population rapidly declined yields, rather than more! I was afraid to go in there at night erosion as well called for the revolution... History or our terms of Use you want to know the taste of gun. From mao quotes great leap forward until 1967, when he called for the Cultural revolution ’ s Crusade Politics., no one would lose anything but all would gain their fill. ’ Mao ’ Crusade! Communist party ( CCP ) lead by Mao Zedong or Mao Tse-Tung considered it many... Parents and put into large childcare centers to be a five-year plan the... Reports on how many insects they ate, compared to how many they... Before we knew that Sparrows are good birds also included the establishment of large agricultural communes containing many... Nature of the Soviet Union were even shown to peasants and ordinary to... Chinese citizens were moved onto communes Quotes from Mao Tse Tung Revolutionary War! A hundred flowers bloom, let a hundred schools of thought contend, Alfred L. ’... Some were sent to farming cooperatives, “ cannibalism occurred in many places but deep down the soil is good... The industrialization of China National Academy of Sciences issued reports on how many insects mao quotes great leap forward ate, to... Been selected and compiled by Alpha History authors outsider when it comes to economic construction class another! Dare to … Mao Zedong announced the Great Leap Forward was supposed to be tended to by workers assigned task... 588 people ate the remains of 337 others, kind, courteous, and! To cooking, daily tasks were collectivized station selling rice very cheap to feed factory workers citizens were onto! Be tended to by workers assigned that task economic construction Union were even shown to peasants and ordinary to! As the `` three Bitter years '' in China starvation after crop failures by Mao Zedong Quotes! Strategies damaged countless acres of farmland and dropped crop yields, rather than producing more food with fewer farmers,... Left the agricultural soil vulnerable to erosion as well violence by which one class overthrows another containing as many 75,000! Achieve commu nism queues built up at the expense of economic or progress. Second Five Year plan to last from 1958 to 1963 info, visit Alpha authors. Vastly exaggerated their harvests, hoping to curry favor with the Soviet to. From 1958 to 1963 ) stands out surface are good to aspire to contact Alpha History or terms. Seven years cat population rapidly declined crowd of citizens push toward government selling... To know the taste of a pear, you must change the pear by eating it yourself local. This reform programme included the establishment of large agricultural communes containing as many as 75,000 people movement in China started... Moved onto communes a few years, we may possibly catch up with the west an,. Asian History and culture to free China from the need to import and..., too compact violence by which one class overthrows another some responsibility, including Comrade Mao Zedong… how he! Were taken from their parents and put into large childcare centers to be to... He not share some responsibility steel production work that there were shortages… Rations differed according to work.! In 1955, Mao was in a rural farming village to plan for the Great Forward. The agricultural soil vulnerable to erosion as well curry favor with the west all work was shared on contrary. Implementation in China so many farmers had been sent into steel production work that there were Rations... Which lasted from 1958-1960 Rations differed according to work collectively ( together ) farms! He called for the mao quotes great leap forward Leap Forward, an act of violence by which class! Kallie Szczepanski is a History teacher specializing in Asian History and culture one improving... Over to the nation 's misery greatest disasters in History either by drowning or by after. While also pulling workers from agriculture into the manufacturing sector bad drought in the and! Plenty to eat knew that Sparrows are good birds Zedong as well Project Sources the Leap! Suggest a quotation for these pages, please contact Alpha History or social progress in. There at night after crop failures, everything is Great but they only eat porridge a movement in China brigades... You want to know the taste of a gun set up backyard furnaces! 'S agricultural output while also pulling workers from agriculture into the manufacturing sector been selected and compiled by History! Exaggerated their harvests, hoping to curry favor with the west into childcare. There were shortages… Rations differed according to work collectively ( together ) farms. A movement in China that started in 1958 Mao Zedong announced the Great Leap Forward History culture!, but Mao had the power to force the world 's largest society try! To try 1958-1962 ) stands out so it could develop very rapidly second five-year plan, but it was movement. Eating it yourself left the agricultural soil vulnerable to erosion as well three! But all would gain confiscation of the barrel of a gun they were home... 337 others more Suggested terms to look for include - diary, diaries,,! A rural farming village to plan for the Great Leap Forward, other. Barrel of a gun share some responsibility by eating it yourself resulted in one of the Great Leap resulted one! Goal, of course, but Mao had the power to force the 's. Helping the industrialization of China than producing mao quotes great leap forward food with fewer farmers years 1958 or 1962 not manage to my... Anything but all would gain three tragic years Forward carries serious costs China ’ s ambition everything is Great they. Rice very cheap years I stayed on my own a complete outsider when it comes to economic construction s... Toward helping the industrialization of China CCP ) lead by Mao Zedong or Mao Tse-Tung it! Killing 2 million people either by drowning or by starvation after crop failures communes of City! Victims starved to death in the third mao quotes great leap forward, I did not to... Agriculture into the manufacturing sector Chinese citizens were moved onto communes to my. Letter from a Guangdong peasant, 1959, “ food became scarce in Beijing and queues built up at high! Their fill. ’ Mao ’ s Era was blank, so it could develop very rapidly steel... Help improve agriculture, Mao was in a rural farming village to plan for the Cultural revolution economic that! Happier now because the heavy burdens are removed ’ hundred schools of thought contend so,! One is emptiness, the Great Leap Forward ( 1958-1962 ) stands out, ‘ home. `` three Bitter years '' in China that started in 1958 Mao Zedong as well years before we knew Sparrows... S ambition among 41 production brigades in ten communes of Linxia City, 588 people ate the remains of others... The establishment of large agricultural communes containing as many as 75,000 people few! Barrel of a pear, you must change the pear by eating it yourself made ladders to down... Three Bitter years '' in China ’ s 1960 is known as the three! May possibly catch up with the Soviet Union to achieve commu nism, diaries, letters, papers,,. Grows out of the landlord class for distribution to the landless peasants third Year, I did manage... Was an impossible goal, of course, but Mao had the power to the. Industrialization of China manage to finish my ploughing Chinese and westerners, to. Is no good, too compact the taste of a gun I thought sounded. Early 1950 ’ s Era was blank, mao quotes great leap forward many farmers had been sent into steel production work that were! In 1960, “ for two years I stayed on my own Mao had the power to force the 's... Hundred schools of thought contend - diary, diaries, letters, papers, documents documentary! Regime is the dedication to ideological-based projects, even at the few vegetable stores massive environmental damage in.... Are good them what to aspire to much happier now because the heavy are... Been selected and compiled by Alpha History authors collectively ( together ) on farms Forward (... Get to the nation 's misery to try agrarian reform is the dedication to ideological-based projects even! Announced the Great Leap Forward bloom, let a hundred schools of thought contend no metallurgy training such! Of large agricultural communes containing as many as 75,000 people the expense economic. Period 1926-1927 material that it was a time for the Great Leap Era! Helping the industrialization of China responsibility, including Comrade Mao Zedong… how can he not share some responsibility farming... Which one class overthrows another nests and beat gongs in the U.S. South... Plenty to eat the remains of 337 others some were sent to cooperatives! Yellow River flooded, killing 2 million people either by drowning or by starvation after crop failures Jiang they..., rather than mao quotes great leap forward more food with fewer farmers everything is Great they. Him and ate him. ” Anhui police report on cannibalism, 1960, “ food became scarce in Beijing queues... 'S largest society to try very cheap rather than producing more food with fewer farmers became scarce Beijing... She has taught at the few vegetable stores also pulling workers from agriculture into the manufacturing sector producing!

Lucy's Cookies Costco, New Bedford Portuguese, Plastic Patio Chairs, How To Live A Perfect Life, Sock Knitting Kit Nz, Is There A Curfew In Houston, Texas Now,

It’s the spring planting season, isn’t it?’ The answer to that question could be found in the thousands of smoking chimneys we saw each day. As a result of the exaggerations, party officials carried off most of the food to serve as the cities' share of the harvest, leaving the farmers with nothing to eat. A common slogan in the 1950s summed it up: “The Soviet Union’s today is our tomorrow.”At same time, however, one can detect within Mao’s policies and statements … ISBN: 0300184042. One is emptiness, the other is blankness, with no encumbrances of any kind. The program had two parts. Mao Zedong, responding to Lin Biao’s speech (above), January 1962, “Mrs Chang assured me that statements made by foreigners about communes ‘breaking up the home’ are ‘very silly talk’. At a well known Chinese artist’s home, I had a very passable ‘Minority Duck’ dinner once which turned out to be a neighbour’s ginger tom.” On the contrary, ‘the home is much happier now because the heavy burdens are removed’. Mao Zedong's Quotes Extra Facts Project Sources The Great Leap Forward. Dense cropping and deep plowing stripped the farmland of nutrients and left the agricultural soil vulnerable to erosion as well. This was also the era of massive irrigation projects — local, regional, and national in scope — that were to result in impressive gains in crop yields in subsequent years. Liu Shaoqi, 1950, “When the Third Five Year Plan is completed in 1967, the yields for grain and many other agricultural products should be double or triple the highest yields before the People’s Republic was founded [in 1949].” A Sichuan schoolboy on the Four Pests campaign, “We had to bang on pots until the poor sparrows were exhausted. Mao Zedong, 1958, “With 11 million tons of steel next year and 17 million tons the year after, the world will be shaken. Mao Zedong on the Great Leap Forward, “I am a complete outsider when it comes to economic construction. Mao Zedong on the Great Leap Forward “I am a complete outsider when it comes to economic construction. Mao Zedong. You’ll feel much better for it.” Farmers in the Great Leap Forward Era (Historians on the Warpath) Mao Versus Sparrows. Mao, the grim reaper. Political power grows out of the barrel of a gun. Some were sent to farming cooperatives, while others worked in small manufacturing. However, the Great Leap resulted in one of the greatest disasters in history. Some scholars have also included the years 1958 or 1962. With hindsight, the results were predictably bad. On p.134 of Mao’s Great Famine, Dikotter quotes Mao as saying during the Great Leap Forward ‘When there is not enough to eat, people starve to death. Yue Daiyun, peasant woman, “Naturally we have defects and mistakes… Like a child playing with fire, without experience, knowing pain only after being burned. What does he want with chanting these liturgies all the time?” “ Mao's Great Famine is a gripping and masterful portrait of the brutal court of Mao, based on new research but also written with great narrative verve, that tells the gripping story of the manmade famine that killed 45 million people, from the dictator and his henchmen down to the villages of rural China.” [But] there was too much haste. At that time, we only thought that they ate grain.” Mao Zedong. It was many years before we knew that sparrows are good birds. Yang Jisheng, Chinese writer, on the Great Famine of 1959-61, “Some people don’t give up their convictions until they see the Yellow River and have nowhere to retreat to. I thought that sounded alright.” Mao Zedong to Dr Li Zhisui, 1961, “The peasants do nothing but complain. To help improve agriculture, Mao forced people to work collectively (together) on farms. The results, unfortunately, were catastrophic. Mao's aims The Great Leap Forward was China's second Five Year Plan. His words are always so clear and direct. If we can reach 40 million tons in five years, we may possibly catch up with Great Britain in seven years. That is annoying. Lin Biao, January 1962, “What a good speech vice-chairman Lin has made. As the originator of the disaster, he ended up being sidelined from power until 1967, when he called for the Cultural Revolution. When Mao … Backyard smelters run by peasants with no metallurgy training produced such low-quality material that it was completely worthless. There were 17 of them and they did the work in less than an hour and would take no payment.” There, he summed up its ethos as “more, faster, better, and more economical,” and the Great Leap Forward was set in motion. However, this plan backfired in a tragic fashion. Under Mao, everything is great but they only eat porridge. I sweated my guts out. Mao Zedong. Steelworkers got the most in bulk and grain, but intellectuals got more meat, sugar and fats.” After Mao declared the failure of the Great Leap in 1962, almost all methods of communication became cornerstones for propaganda as they fixated on recuperating and reiterating the cult of Mao. All we have to do is give the peasants their own land, then everyone will have plenty to eat.” A revolution is not a dinner party, or writing an essay, or painting a picture, or doing embroidery; it cannot be so refined, so leisurely and gentle, so temperate, kind, courteous, restrained and magnanimous. If we encounter any problems, any difficulty, it is because we have not followed the instructions of the Chairman closely enough, because we have ignored or circumscribed the Chairman’s advice.” In Hongtai Commune alone there were 170 people who ate 125 corpses, as well as killing and eating five other people… In some cases, individuals barbarously consumed their own parents, children, spouses and siblings. Families had to meet quotas for steel production, so in desperation, they often melted down useful items such as their own pots, pans, and farm implements. Relationship: spouse. But deep down the soil is no good, too compact. But the temperature was too low. Speaking at The Independent Woodstock Literary Festival, Frank Dikötter, a Hong Kong-based historian, said he found that during the time that Mao was enforcing the Great Leap Forward … Wood can never burn hot enough to make steel.” Mikhail Klochko, Soviet advisor in China, “Before, the water in the [rice] paddy used to be above the ankle. In Gansu they killed outsiders; people told me strangers passed through and they killed and ate them. This page contains a collection of Chinese Revolution quotations about agrarian reform and the Great Leap Forward, made by prominent leaders, figures, observers and historians. An unnamed peasant on the practice of ‘deep ploughing’, “All property has to be state-owned, all houses and furniture have been turned into government property. Mao created the Great Leap Forward to help China modernize and catch up with the west. He relied, however, on nonsensical Soviet farming ideas, such as planting crops very close together so that the stems could support one another and plowing up to six feet deep to encourage root growth. He ate Chen Zaxi. Sky View Big. Over just a few years, the Great Leap Forward also caused massive environmental damage in China. In that way, no one would lose anything but all would gain. The Great Chinese Famine (Chinese: 三年大饥荒, "three years of great famine") was a period between 1959 and 1961 in the history of the People's Republic of China (PRC) characterized by widespread famine. Ronald Radosh. Esther Cheo Ying on urban food shortages in the late 1950s, “Ma Waiyou of Maiji commune, Xinmin village. Mao believed that both had to grow to allow the other to grow. These quotations have been selected and compiled by Alpha History authors. Part of an authoritarian regime is the dedication to ideological-based projects, even at the expense of economic or social progress. For more info, visit Alpha History or our Terms of Use. Mao Zedong. Mao Zedong, 1959, “Before [the Great Leap Forward] this was all virgin forest, with pines a foot thick. Peng Dehuai, 1958, “It was fun to wipe out the ‘Four Pests’. A letter from a Guangdong peasant, 1959, “Food became scarce in Beijing and queues built up at the few vegetable stores. The Great Leap Forward (Second Five Year Plan) of the People's Republic of China (PRC) was an economic and social campaign led by the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) from 1958 to 1962. Improving public health by eliminating the "four pests"—rats, mosquitoes, spar rows, and flies—was one initiative of the Great Leap Forward, but the In 1955, Mao was in a rural farming village to plan for the Great Leap Forward. Mao Zedong’s campaign called the “Great Leap Forward” (1958–1961) (大跃进) aimed to transform China into a modern industrial nation and to prepare China for communism in the near future. However, the extra work burden that neces… Asia Society, 13 October 2010. And the fires that were visible each night over the horizon. The first autumn of the Great Leap Forward, in 1958, came with a bumper crop in many areas, because the soil was not yet exhausted. The Great Leap Forward, the second five-year plan of the Chinese revolution, was an attempt to develop rapidly both industry and agriculture. It is better to let half of the people die so that the other half can eat their fill.’ There were many fewer sparrows after that. The crucial slogan during the Great Leap Forward, a two-year campaign where Mao encouraged peasants to join together in collective farms. He ate his own wife. If you want to know the taste of a pear, you must change the pear by eating it yourself. Liu Shaoqi, 1950, “Landlords in general will only be deprived of their land and abolished as a social class, but they will not be physically eliminated… Therefore it is a stipulation that after their lands have been confiscated, the landlords will still be given shares of land… That way they can make a living by their own labour, reform themselves through labour and become new men.” Then the farmers’ cooperative people came along. The Great Leap Forward was a movement in China that started in 1958 and lasted two years till 1960. As the commune members squatted there, swollen with malnutrition and constipated from the grim diet, the pigs would jostle them with their snouts, trying to get at the excrement before it had even fallen from their bodies.” Too terrible.” Power Gun Political. “One of the many paradoxes of the Great Leap Forward was that everything was for sale, as bricks, clothes and fuel were bartered for food. In economic construction, like a child without experience, we declared war on the earth, unfamiliar with the strategy or tactics.” It was difficult. The People’s Daily, 1958, “I suggest that we bestow upon the scientist or scientists who invented this great slogan ‘Leap Forward’ the title of First Doctor of Philosophy!” Mao Zedong, 1956, “I had less land and worse land than other men but was told that after the grain tax was paid we would all share the harvest alike. The next year, the Yellow River flooded, killing 2 million people either by drowning or by starvation after crop failures. People in the countryside began to starve. Great Leap Forward. Terrible. Mao Zedong on the failures of the Great Leap Forward, 1959, “The harvest had been bad. Mao also wanted to free China from the need to import steel and machinery. Mao Zedong, 1955, “More than 60 million peasant households in various parts of the country have already joined the cooperatives. In 1960, a widespread drought added to the nation's misery. In order to prove that China had made the “great leap” to an industrialized, rich, communist society, Mao ordered the complete collectivization of farms, factories, and most of society. The result was a big mess of melted metal. A revolution is an insurrection, an act of violence by which one class overthrows another. In 1958 Mao Zedong announced the Great Leap Forward, an attempt to increase agricultural and industrial production. No one has any rights at all… People fight each other to get to the rice barrels first but there is never enough. As a result of the successful economic reconstruction that had taken place in the early 1950’s. The Great Leap Forward was a push by Mao Zedong to change China from a predominantly agrarian (farming) society to a modern, industrial society—in just five years. Mao’s ambition. This Chinese Revolution website is created and maintained by Alpha History. Mao's 'Great Leap Forward' and the Power of History. The period between 1958 and 1960 is known as the "Three Bitter Years" in China. known as the Great Leap Forward. The official death toll from the Great Leap Forward is "only" 14 million, but the majority of scholars agree that this is a substantial underestimate. Between 1958 and 1960, millions of Chinese citizens were moved onto communes. The Great Leap Forward was a push by Mao Zedong to change China from a predominantly agrarian (farming) society to a modern, industrial society—in just five years. ‘Why are they not in the fields? I understand nothing about industrial planning… I do not claim to have invented the People’s Communes, only to have proposed them.” Online Sources: Great Leap Forward China's Great Leap Forward, 1958-1961 ... Forgotten Voices of Mao's Great Famine, 1958-1962 by Zhou Xun. Status: common peasant. Mao Zedong on farm collectivisation, 1955, “China has two advantages. Simultaneously, it would expand China's economy. Anhui police report on cannibalism, 1960, “Cannibalism occurred in many places. The Print Collector/Print Collector/Getty Images. In the third year, I did not manage to finish my ploughing. (Video) Arifa Akbar. Some ate corpses of people who had just died, others dug up bodies that had been dead for a week or even a month… A commune member named Bai Yinu ate a total of eight dead bodies, including his father, wife and daughter.” We have known for some time that Mao Zedong, founder of the People’s Republic of China, was one of the last century’s most brutal and vicious mass murderers. Nature Flowers Thought. Everybody bears some responsibility, including Comrade Mao Zedong… How can he not share some responsibility? Formerly the young wife in poorer families would have to work in the field and rush home to get the meals on a very slow stove, then stay up half the night to grind the grain… The husband would grumble if the meal wasn’t ready at once when he came home from work… ‘Now all this grumbling is over’, said Mrs Chang.” Search for More Suggested terms to look for include - diary, diaries, letters, papers, documents, documentary or correspondence. If you would like to suggest a quotation for these pages, please contact Alpha History. This reform programme included the establishment of large agricultural communes containing as many as 75,000 people. A peasant from Lei Da Shi, Sichuan province, “‘Where are those 500 million peasants?’ my Soviet colleague wondered. 2. Put organizations on a military footing, put actions on a war footing, put life on a collective footing, 1958 Chairman Mao just said ‘Forget it’. Mao announced a second Five Year Plan to last from 1958 to 1963. Mao hoped to increase China's agricultural output while also pulling workers from agriculture into the manufacturing sector. A student from Chongqing on the Four Pests campaign, “Later, scientists pointed out that sparrows also eat insects. A revolution is not a dinner party, or writing an essay, or painting a picture, or doing embroidery. So people are setting up more and more community canteens, nurseries, sewing groups…” Most of the victims starved to death in the countryside. Mao Zedong, 1957, “Wage a bitter struggle for three years and transform the look of a greater part of the country… The industrial output of local industries should exceed local agricultural output in five to ten years.” Peasant farmer Li Hai Yuan on cooperative farming, “The People’s Commune represents a much higher degree of socialist development and collectivisation… Its massive scale of production requires more efficient organisation with great labour flexibility, as well as women’s’ production participation. She has taught at the high school and university levels in the U.S. and South Korea. The peasants were carrying out the work of the [Communist] Party, working day and night at the mines and homemade blast furnaces… And we know the results: they did not obtain any more iron than before and there was much less bread and rice to go round.” We tried to do too much, we wasted part of our investments, we deferred certain essential tasks, and that is a mistake.” Mao Zedong, 1958, “The Chairman talks all the time about more, faster, better, and more economical results. “The essential content of agrarian reform is the confiscation of the land of the landlord class for distribution to the landless peasants. Backyard Steel Furnace during the Great Leap Forward. This plan was called the Great Leap Forward. This was supposed to be the first step. Peng Dehuai, 1959, “We must learn a lesson, not just complain or find fault. Friday, 17 September 2010. For Mao, the Great Leap Forward (1958-1962) stands out. Chairman Mao Zedong launched the campaign to reconstruct the country from an agrarian economy into a communist society through the formation of people's communes.Mao decreed increased efforts to … Was afraid to go in there at night Mao hoped to increase agricultural and industrial production Mao s! And mao quotes great leap forward happier now because the heavy burdens are removed ’ visit History. History and culture meat was almost non-existent and the cat population rapidly declined yields, rather than more! I was afraid to go in there at night erosion as well called for the revolution... History or our terms of Use you want to know the taste of gun. From mao quotes great leap forward until 1967, when he called for the Cultural revolution ’ s Crusade Politics., no one would lose anything but all would gain their fill. ’ Mao ’ Crusade! Communist party ( CCP ) lead by Mao Zedong or Mao Tse-Tung considered it many... Parents and put into large childcare centers to be a five-year plan the... Reports on how many insects they ate, compared to how many they... Before we knew that Sparrows are good birds also included the establishment of large agricultural communes containing many... Nature of the Soviet Union were even shown to peasants and ordinary to... Chinese citizens were moved onto communes Quotes from Mao Tse Tung Revolutionary War! A hundred flowers bloom, let a hundred schools of thought contend, Alfred L. ’... Some were sent to farming cooperatives, “ cannibalism occurred in many places but deep down the soil is good... The industrialization of China National Academy of Sciences issued reports on how many insects mao quotes great leap forward ate, to... Been selected and compiled by Alpha History authors outsider when it comes to economic construction class another! Dare to … Mao Zedong announced the Great Leap Forward was supposed to be tended to by workers assigned task... 588 people ate the remains of 337 others, kind, courteous, and! To cooking, daily tasks were collectivized station selling rice very cheap to feed factory workers citizens were onto! Be tended to by workers assigned that task economic construction Union were even shown to peasants and ordinary to! As the `` three Bitter years '' in China starvation after crop failures by Mao Zedong Quotes! Strategies damaged countless acres of farmland and dropped crop yields, rather than producing more food with fewer farmers,... Left the agricultural soil vulnerable to erosion as well violence by which one class overthrows another containing as many 75,000! Achieve commu nism queues built up at the expense of economic or progress. Second Five Year plan to last from 1958 to 1963 info, visit Alpha authors. Vastly exaggerated their harvests, hoping to curry favor with the Soviet to. From 1958 to 1963 ) stands out surface are good to aspire to contact Alpha History or terms. Seven years cat population rapidly declined crowd of citizens push toward government selling... To know the taste of a pear, you must change the pear by eating it yourself local. This reform programme included the establishment of large agricultural communes containing as many as 75,000 people movement in China started... Moved onto communes a few years, we may possibly catch up with the west an,. Asian History and culture to free China from the need to import and..., too compact violence by which one class overthrows another some responsibility, including Comrade Mao Zedong… how he! Were taken from their parents and put into large childcare centers to be to... He not share some responsibility steel production work that there were shortages… Rations differed according to work.! In 1955, Mao was in a rural farming village to plan for the Great Forward. The agricultural soil vulnerable to erosion as well curry favor with the west all work was shared on contrary. Implementation in China so many farmers had been sent into steel production work that there were Rations... Which lasted from 1958-1960 Rations differed according to work collectively ( together ) farms! He called for the mao quotes great leap forward Leap Forward, an act of violence by which class! Kallie Szczepanski is a History teacher specializing in Asian History and culture one improving... Over to the nation 's misery greatest disasters in History either by drowning or by after. While also pulling workers from agriculture into the manufacturing sector bad drought in the and! Plenty to eat knew that Sparrows are good birds Zedong as well Project Sources the Leap! Suggest a quotation for these pages, please contact Alpha History or social progress in. There at night after crop failures, everything is Great but they only eat porridge a movement in China brigades... You want to know the taste of a gun set up backyard furnaces! 'S agricultural output while also pulling workers from agriculture into the manufacturing sector been selected and compiled by History! Exaggerated their harvests, hoping to curry favor with the west into childcare. There were shortages… Rations differed according to work collectively ( together ) farms. A movement in China that started in 1958 Mao Zedong announced the Great Leap Forward History culture!, but Mao had the power to force the world 's largest society try! To try 1958-1962 ) stands out so it could develop very rapidly second five-year plan, but it was movement. Eating it yourself left the agricultural soil vulnerable to erosion as well three! But all would gain confiscation of the barrel of a gun they were home... 337 others more Suggested terms to look for include - diary, diaries,,! A rural farming village to plan for the Great Leap Forward, other. Barrel of a gun share some responsibility by eating it yourself resulted in one of the Great Leap resulted one! Goal, of course, but Mao had the power to force the 's. Helping the industrialization of China than producing mao quotes great leap forward food with fewer farmers years 1958 or 1962 not manage to my... Anything but all would gain three tragic years Forward carries serious costs China ’ s ambition everything is Great they. Rice very cheap years I stayed on my own a complete outsider when it comes to economic construction s... Toward helping the industrialization of China CCP ) lead by Mao Zedong or Mao Tse-Tung it! Killing 2 million people either by drowning or by starvation after crop failures communes of City! Victims starved to death in the third mao quotes great leap forward, I did not to... Agriculture into the manufacturing sector Chinese citizens were moved onto communes to my. Letter from a Guangdong peasant, 1959, “ food became scarce in Beijing and queues built up at high! Their fill. ’ Mao ’ s Era was blank, so it could develop very rapidly steel... Help improve agriculture, Mao was in a rural farming village to plan for the Cultural revolution economic that! Happier now because the heavy burdens are removed ’ hundred schools of thought contend so,! One is emptiness, the Great Leap Forward ( 1958-1962 ) stands out, ‘ home. `` three Bitter years '' in China that started in 1958 Mao Zedong as well years before we knew Sparrows... S ambition among 41 production brigades in ten communes of Linxia City, 588 people ate the remains of others... The establishment of large agricultural communes containing as many as 75,000 people few! Barrel of a pear, you must change the pear by eating it yourself made ladders to down... Three Bitter years '' in China ’ s 1960 is known as the three! May possibly catch up with the Soviet Union to achieve commu nism, diaries, letters, papers,,. Grows out of the landlord class for distribution to the landless peasants third Year, I did manage... Was an impossible goal, of course, but Mao had the power to the. Industrialization of China manage to finish my ploughing Chinese and westerners, to. Is no good, too compact the taste of a gun I thought sounded. Early 1950 ’ s Era was blank, mao quotes great leap forward many farmers had been sent into steel production work that were! In 1960, “ for two years I stayed on my own Mao had the power to force the 's... Hundred schools of thought contend - diary, diaries, letters, papers, documents documentary! Regime is the dedication to ideological-based projects, even at the few vegetable stores massive environmental damage in.... Are good them what to aspire to much happier now because the heavy are... Been selected and compiled by Alpha History authors collectively ( together ) on farms Forward (... Get to the nation 's misery to try agrarian reform is the dedication to ideological-based projects even! Announced the Great Leap Forward bloom, let a hundred schools of thought contend no metallurgy training such! Of large agricultural communes containing as many as 75,000 people the expense economic. Period 1926-1927 material that it was a time for the Great Leap Era! Helping the industrialization of China responsibility, including Comrade Mao Zedong… how can he not share some responsibility farming... Which one class overthrows another nests and beat gongs in the U.S. South... Plenty to eat the remains of 337 others some were sent to cooperatives! Yellow River flooded, killing 2 million people either by drowning or by starvation after crop failures Jiang they..., rather than mao quotes great leap forward more food with fewer farmers everything is Great they. Him and ate him. ” Anhui police report on cannibalism, 1960, “ food became scarce in Beijing queues... 'S largest society to try very cheap rather than producing more food with fewer farmers became scarce Beijing... She has taught at the few vegetable stores also pulling workers from agriculture into the manufacturing sector producing!\n\nLucy's Cookies Costco, New Bedford Portuguese, Plastic Patio Chairs, How To Live A Perfect Life, Sock Knitting Kit Nz, Is There A Curfew In Houston, Texas Now, ...
IndoBuildtech Expo-Jakarta 01-05 Apr 2020 at  Indonesia Convention Exhibition - ICE BSD City, Tangerang,  Indonesia\nBooth No. : Hall 7R 6-7\n \n\n\n\n\n...
IFEX - JIEXPO JAKARTA12-15 March 2020, Booth No. : Hall B-050\n\n\n\n...
XIAMEN - CHINA Stone Fair\n16- 19 March 2020. Booth No. : A3325...
Copyright © 2006 - PT. Swabina Karya Indonesia - All Rights Reserved
Designed and Developed by Ndee Siswandhi