mao zedong policies

WAS MAO ZEDONG THE MOST BRUTAL TYRANT IN HISTORY?What made Mao Zedong so horrible? This, along with the Cultural Revolution, changed China forever. Read a biography about the life of Mao Zedong the Chinese communist leader responsible for the disastrous policies including the 'Great Leap Forward' and the 'Cultural Revolution'. Although he described his father as a "rich peasant," the family clearly had to work hard for a living. Mao Zedong was born in 1893 and died in 1976. "(Michael, 1977) Instead of an increase in production as was stated, there was actually a decline. They were built all over China. The aftermath of his plans and his revolution continued to change China, long after his death. One-and-a-half million people died and much of the country's cultural heritage was destroyed. Mao Zedong, 1957 Many young people were ordered to relocate to the countryside. 1. Mao vormde ruim 26 jaar het gezicht van de Volksrepubliek China. In 1949 Mao got his power. This aimed at mass mobilisation of labour to improve agricultural and industrial production. In 1957, before the Great Leap had begun, "the median age of those dying was 17.6 years; in 1963 it was down to 9.7. The plans started after the completion of the first phase of the land reform campaign. They were organized into groups called the Red Guards, and Mao ordered the party and the army not to suppress the movement." Houses were demolished and the materials from the demolished houses were used for other purposes. A way he utilized was a slogan which said "Dare to Think, Dare to Act." In September 1967, with many cities on the verge of anarchy, Mao sent in the army to restore order. Agricultural collectivization was required at the time. Once China became weak and poor Mao Zedong took power. This is the support that Russia already gave China before the First Five Year Plan. Even though the communists held no respect for the Kuomintang or their leader, Mao was willing to form temporary alliances which would help him achieve his long-term goals. Many of the output goals were met or exceeded with few exceptions. Further Reading on Mao Zedong. Manchuria had the greatest concentration of natural resources and due to it being a Japanese puppet state, it was the most industrialized area in China. (Spence, 1990) The Chinese utilized a method that was also applied in Eastern European Communist states. The purpose of Mao's Second Five Year Plan was still to increase industrial and agricultural output but it was not a very big success. It promised China support in every field. A common slogan in the 1950s summed it up: “The Soviet Union’s today is our tomorrow.”At same time, however, one can detect within Mao’s policies and statements … In addition to this, high output of materials was very important and therefore quantity was placed above quality. him 70% right and 30% wrong, which is to say that his. There were food shortages which led to strict rationing and ultimately this lead to famines. Lesser known is that Mao was also responsible for some very strange policies and downright shocking behavior in his personal life, as you’ll see in this list of 10 horrible facts about Mao. ""Thousands of intellectuals were beaten to death or died of their injuries. Every day at six o'clock AM, there was a reveille and the people were to march in military formation to and from work. There was even an attempt to introduce a great leap forward to poetry, which encouraged millions of people to try writing poetry which produced hundreds of thousands of folk tales and songs. "(Meisner, 1999) This attempt distorted the social and political life of the People's Republic. Mao's cult of personality, party purges, and political policies reflect Mao's esteem of these traditional Chinese ideals and history. In reality, it was not as successful as it was said to be. He wanted to change the agrarian society that is China, into a modern communist society instead. In 1921, he became a founder member of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) and set up a branch in Hunan. The rest of the day was also scheduled and the evenings usually included communal recreation. Mao appeared victorious, but his health was deteriorating. China's First Five Year Plan "led to the growth of bureaucracy, new social inequalities and privileged elites. In Mao's opinion, this way, China was growing closer to communism. The result, instead, was a massive decline in agricultural output, which, together with poor harvests, led to famine and the deaths of millions. China was organized into approximately 26,000 communes. "(Meisner, 1999) This allowed the Chinese Communist Party to be able to develop a plan for the nation's economic development. Mao Zedong (Dec. 26, 1893–Sept. Mao Zedong (1893-1976) was both a product and a part of the revolutionary change in 20th-century China. Which method shall we adopt? The young were encouraged to attack their teachers, school administrators, party leaders, and parents. A blank sheet of paper has no blotches, and so the newest and most beautiful words can be written on it, the newest and most beautiful pictures can be painted on it. "It was not until a year later that the full catastrophe of Mao's utopian economic planning sank in. The first Five-Year Plan for the future of China was launched by Mao Zedong in 1953, in which the Soviet Union was held up as the model for development. The Communists and KMT were again temporarily allied during eight years of war with Japan (1937-1945), but shortly after the end of World War Two, civil war broke out between them. The beginnings of agricultural collectivization included mutual aid teams and peasant cooperatives. In 1961 it fell to 154 kilos. For example, they used the Peking opera as an example to show that it could be revolutionized. In February 1930, after a year of consolidation, Mao and his supporters formed the Jiangxi Soviet, an attempt to create a self-governing, self-sustaining rural base. Mao Zedong, also known as Chairman Mao, was a Chinese communist revolutionary who became the founding father of the People's Republic of China, which he ruled as the chairman of the Communist Party of China from its establishment in 1949 until his death in 1976. Immediately after the Second Five Year Plan, Mao initiated the Cultural Revolution. It took 20 million lives or more from 1959 to 1962. In the mid-1950s, Mao implemented a Soviet-style economic program, the First Five Year Plan, and set about collectivising peasant land into huge communes. This included the following: political, military, economic, and cultural. Children were to be placed in communal nurseries and schools and to live in dormitories. Then in 1927, the KMT leader Chiang Kai-shek launched an anti-communist purge. The Second Five Year Plan did not go at all as planned and China's state was not very good at the time. This plan was inspired by the Soviet Five Year Plans by Joseph Stalin in Russia, which started in 1928. He was among 15 other members who were also in the committee. In 1911, the last Imperial Chinese dynasty fell, lea… (Michael, 1977) Soviet aid was later increased even more and this was to 400 industrial plants. Along with this, poor agricultural techniques were utilized which caused a great deal of damage. The leaders of the Revolution also "called for a comprehensive attack on the '"four old'" elements within Chinese society-old customs, old habits, old culture, and old thinking…"(Spence, 1990) The Red Guards were eager to prove their integrity and anyone who had had Western education or interacted with Western businessmen or missionaries, and intellectuals were punished. Mao realized that he could no longer rely on the Soviet government and he sought ways to break free. As the First Five Year Plan, it moved China forward a great deal. (Suyin, 1976) In some ways he achieved that. In 1958, in an attempt to introduce a more 'Chinese' form of communism, Mao launched the 'Great Leap Forward'. Mao's intention of changing China was fulfilled but the consequences were immense. Mao Zedong, the father of modern communist China was an important philosopher who gave Marxism its ideas its “Asiatic Form”. Kao Kang was the head of administration in Manchuria at the time. Read more about Mao’s life here. VAT Registration No: 842417633. (Michael, 1977) "The people were assigned to squadrons, formed into companies, battalions, regiments and divisions, and in addition to the organization of labor in this form, these units were also to provide regular military training-for women as well as for men-in a people's militia." A small group of Mao's followers, along with his wife Jiang Qing and other radicals, the party was purged and soon both Liu Shaoqi and Deng Xiaoping were removed from their posts and subjected to an enormous amount of criticism and humiliation, their families included. An agreement was concluded in Moscow where the Soviet was provided with "equipment and technical aid for the construction of 141 large-scale enterprises as contribution to the Chinese First Five Year Plan." "(Meisner, 1999) The plan met its quotas well enough but it revealed the flaws in the Chinese economic system. One very extreme form of humiliation was when the people were force to stand with their backs bent and arms outstretched which was described as an "air-plane position. Mao's response to the disappointing agricultural production was "a strategy of heightened production through moral incentives and mass mobilization under the direction of inspirational local party leaders." 1967), have all been published in English in Peking. The plan was to double industrial output and increase agricultural output by 35 per cent in five years. The private ownership of domestic animals was even prohibited. *You can also browse our support articles here >. In the small village of Shaoshan in Hunan Province China, a leader was born; Mao Zedong (Schram,125). Mao stated that there were two possible methods of work. Production figures at the time were disappointing. Mao’s own position in government had weakened after the failure of his “Great Leap Forward” (1958-60) and the economic crisis that followed. "(Spence, 1990) This meant that at that time, half of those that were dying were under 10 years old. The elderly people were to be placed in "old peoples' happy homes" where they were made to work according to their ability. Our academic experts are ready and waiting to assist with any writing project you may have. In the comparison of the Chinese Five Year Plans and the Soviet Five Year Plans, the Chinese Five Year Plans occurred at a faster rate. "[V]arieties of radical groups who were not coordinated by central leadership, struggled with party leaders and with each other." Only the peasants could provide both the labor and the tax that was required by the economic development. Industry came under state ownership and China's farmers began to be organised into collectives. '"(Spence, 1990) The revolution was an attack on culture. They believed that the Chinese had a blind faith in literature and they wanted to destroy that blind faith. The First Five Year Plan was from 1953-1957. Looking for a flexible role? He took advantage of the financial state that the peasants were in. Therefore, there was a great deal of people who were illiterate which made them unprepared for factory work. Primary Sources Mao Zedong. We're here to answer any questions you have about our services. In 1972, US President Richard Nixon visited China and met Mao. In 1976 Mao passed away and lost power. In 1923, the Kuomintang (KMT) nationalist party had allied with the CCP to defeat the warlords who controlled much of northern China. To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below: If you are the original writer of this essay and no longer wish to have your work published on UKEssays.com then please: Our academic writing and marking services can help you! People were provided with clothing and food and even burial services. This was an ideal area for the start of the First Five Year Plan. In 1927, the merge split due to the different views on Soviet interests that Mao and Chiang held. Mao Zedong’s infatuation with ideologies of past political figures, such as Marx and Lenin, are also crucial in understanding Mao’s rise and will be investigated how such philosophies could contribute to the calamitous revolution and where Mao broke away from Marx’s message. Unfortunately, in 1956, resistance against collectivization became evident. Mao Zedong tried to reduce China's dependency on foreign industry by instituting the 5-year Plan. No plagiarism, guaranteed! They engaged in a propaganda war and this affected Mao's leadership as some was anti-Party. Mao Zedong was afraid that Liu Shaoqi would overthrow him, and take over the CCP. The process was accelerated due to Soviet help and also from referencing to the examples provided by the Russian Five Year Plans. The gradual transformation from private ownership to collectivization was to test whether collectivization was accepted or resisted. The Great Leap Forward . People get paid according to their abilities. The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. In June 1981, the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) issued an of cial judgment of Mao Zedong, assessing. They both started incorporating more liberal economic policies, but Mao soon realized that the two officials were "abandoning socialist principles and betraying the Communist revolution of 1949. Mao Zedong's policies to develop China. We've received widespread press coverage since 2003, Your UKEssays purchase is secure and we're rated 4.4/5 on reviews.co.uk. Mao’s policies in the early 1950s began China’s transition from an undeveloped agricultural economy into an industrial and military superpower. By the turn of the 20th century, part of the China’s traditional elites like landlords increasingly became skeptical of the Confucianism. To what extent are modern day eugenics policies in China a response to cold war policies of Mao Zedong? The first plan was successful, but the second called the Great Leap Forward was not. (Fortune City, para. Mao then formed the Red Army and his followers elected him as the chairman of the Chinese Communist Party. Elderly people and intellectuals, in addition to being verbally abused were also physically abused by the Red Guards and many died. It lowered the average age of people dying and it caused a great deal of famine and death. Please consider upgrading your browser software or enabling style sheets (CSS) if you are able to do so. Family life was again permitted and the old and the young were allowed to live together. "(Spence, 1990) The communes were used to group collective farms combined with local towns into huge centralized systems. With that debacle, Mao, and with him, Mao Zedong Thought, were marginalized. The Communists were more efficient. In this video I summarize the life of Mao Zedong, also known as Chairman Mao, the communist dictator of China. He was a Chinese revolutionary and a communist leader. During this time, religion was frowned upon and temples and religious monuments were destroyed or damaged. From there on, Mao ruled with an "iron fist." Grain production could not match population increase. Mao's vision for China was to transform China into a "strong, prosperous, independent, modern industrial socialist state by combining effective leadership with participation by the people." 2) Mao's wife, Jiang Qing was the one who urged Mao to … Two of the party's senior officials Liu Shaoqi and Deng Xiaoping replaced Mao with the day-to-day affairs of the People's Republic. His agrarian reform program began with peasants seizing land from landlords, many of whom were punished for their exploitation of others. (Meisner, 1999). That is the effect of his propaganda today. During this time, Mao attempted to encourage peasants to form communes which would increase production levels. In order "[f]or China's heavy industry to keep up its rapid development, accordingly, production by the agricultural sector had to increase." What's the Question? I personally wrote these essays in my final NSC History exams and recieved a distinction. The have all been checked, edited, and perfected over the course of my matric year. This essay answers the question: “The implementation of Mao Zeodong’s policies … The slaughtering of their animals at the time was called "wanton slaughter," and this reduced the animal population in large areas drastically. Mao proposed two main Five Year Plans to change China. Mao Zedong was dying a slow, agonizing death. Mao Zedong, along with his followers attempted to change China, and they succeeded in doing so forever. It was during this time that he began to read Marxist literature. In an attempt to re-assert his authority, Mao launched the 'Cultural Revolution' in 1966, aiming to purge the country of 'impure' elements and revive the revolutionary spirit. Mao's First Five Year Plan was utilized to increase the industrial and agricultural output of the People's Republic of China. The political agenda at the time was to not only confiscate or destroy private property, but to also completely nationalize all industrial enterprises, to abolish interests on deposits in the state banks, to evict landlords from their own houses, to eliminate private plots, to strengthen the commune system, and to private market economy (this included even very poor peasants selling vegetables at a village corner). 1st Jan 1970 The people's militia that was formed brought strength to local areas. History One small-scale industrial development that was used were the "backyard steel furnaces." Revolution (1966–1976). The highest point of this radical program came in 1967 and it was given the name the "January power seizure." Study for free with our range of university lectures! The idea was to "use militarized manpower instead of capital equipment to speed up and increase economic production." The Communists were victorious, and on 1 October 1949 Mao proclaimed the founding of the People's Republic of China (PRC). Under Mao's pressure, the transformation occurred very rapidly. The idea of communes was still maintained but the function of these communes was limited to coordination and direction. Education If you need assistance with writing your essay, our professional essay writing service is here to help! Read more. Private garden plots and the ownership of domestic animals were permitted again. He believed that this would be beneficial for the young people of China because they could learn proletarian values and the lifestyle. Registered Data Controller No: Z1821391. Therefore, by the end of 1959, many of the furnaces were left which was due to them not being able to produce a high-standard product. "The Great Leap Forward launched in the name of strengthening the nation by summoning all the people's energies, had turned back on itself and ended by devouring its young. Mao Zedong Dictators. In 1955, Mao stated that full collectivization would have to be completed by the end of the First Five Year Plan and the industrial development depended on the full collectivization of agriculture. At the time, China still owed Russia a great deal and China greatly needed an agricultural surplus in order to pay back the huge amount of debt it owed to the Soviet government. Mao died in September 1976, and the Cultural Revolution also ended that year. His later years saw attempts to build bridges with the United States, Japan and Europe. 2) Mao shut down schools and he ordered the Red Guards to attack traditional values and "bourgeois" things and to publicly criticize party officials in order to test them. This however is not true. Films of the Soviet Union were even shown to peasants and ordinary Chinese to show them what to aspire to. The objective of it was to increase the rate of economic growth. While you will be able to view the content of this page in your current browser, you will not be able to get the full visual experience. (Spence, 1990) These methods were carried out by Deng Xiaoping as the party secretary-general, and Liu Shaoqi who seemed to be Mao's possible successor. In November of 1952, a committee was formed to supervise and direct the First Five Year Plan. And yet Mao Zedong remains the most honored figure in the Chinese Communist Party. With all of this though, Mao is still worshiped and praised in China today. This slowed the rate of collectivization. The goal of this was to bring China back onto the path to socialism and to secure Mao's power over the country. "One will result in doing the work faster and better; the other slowly and not so well. The amount of working hours was reduced while the amount of pay was increased. The Chinese intellectual tradition of the past century can be defined by the concept of iconoclasm and nationalism. Countless other committed suicide…"(Spence, 1990) The country was gripped with fear, excitement, tension, and euphoria which brought on violence. This resulted in a restatement of the aims of the economic program on December 10. Mao Zedong 毛泽东 Coin takes some influence from "PutinCoin", although in real life Mao was far ahead of Putin in capabilities and the ability to play politics at the Niccolò Machiavelli level.This coin takes no influence from the "devs" that suddenly used Georgian and Russian ex-leaders of the CCCP, and a German economist/philosopher. In May of 1958, Liu Shaoqi announced the program for Mao. For a year, propaganda was spread throughout the country on the enormous success of Mao's plan. Free resources to assist you with your university studies! One of the main ones was the wrongly applied method of deep plowing used. "(Spence, 1990) Cities were transformed a great deal, sometimes costing the cities aesthetically. Registered office: Venture House, Cross Street, Arnold, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, NG5 7PJ. Chiang Kai-shek fled to the island of Taiwan. They both started incorporating more liberal economic policies, but Mao soon realized that the two officials were "abandoning socialist principles and betraying the Communist revolution of 1949. This page is best viewed in an up-to-date web browser with style sheets (CSS) enabled. He was responsible for the disastrous policies of the 'Great Leap Forward' and the 'Cultural Revolution'. Policies of Mao Zedong •The Great Leap Forward •The Cultural Revolution . These people included children who suffered from the years of malnutrition brought on by the Great Leap. The Revolution was an enormous catastrophe and it resulted in a huge number of peopled dying and important cultural monuments and items getting destroyed. The Chinese initially received significant help from the Soviet Union, but relations soon began to cool. It is also called The Great Leap Forward because of how much it moved China forward. This is from the current 185 million metric tons to a target of 240 million metric tons. Find out more about how the BBC is covering the. Kao Kang was the chairman of the committee at the time. The forms of public humiliation grew more and more humiliating and complicated. Instead, the peasants resorted to the sabotage of farm implements and animals. Mao's own writings, Selected Works (4 vols., 1961-1965), Selected Readings from the Works of Mao Tse-tung (1967), and Quotations from Chairman Mao (1966; 2d ed. In 1966, two groups met to discuss the Wuhan incident which was a conflict between two hostile groups wanting to take over the city of Wuhan. Mao and other Communist leaders set out to reshape Chinese society. A treaty was made between the Chinese and the Russians for support. It ranged from parading through the streets wearing a dunce cap, to wearing a placard around their neck. "(Winnington, 1986) The Great Leap Forward was Mao's attempt to free himself from Soviet control and to speed up the advance towards communism. From simple essay plans, through to full dissertations, you can guarantee we have a service perfectly matched to your needs. After World War II ended, Mao's army defeated Chiang's army and Chiang retreated. (Michael, 1977) Everything was carried out with military exactness. Deng Xiao-Ping, as the Minister of Finance, played a major role in the drafting of China's First Five Year Plan. Even with all the taxes and labor, the Communists lacked the capital required to repay the Soviet government. Collaborations were arranged among peasant families in harvesting and planting crops. 115 likes. In 1923, Mao, the Leader of the Chinese Communist Party and Chiang Kai-Shek, the leader of the Kuomintang temporarily merged parties. October of 1958, it was claimed that fifty million people were in iron and steel production in over 600,000 backyard steel furnaces. "The average amount of grain available to each person in China's countryside, which had been 205 kilos in 1957 and 201 kilos in 1958, dropped to a disastrous 183 kilos in 1959, and a catastrophic 156 kilos in 1960." In 1962, Mao started a sexual relationship with a 14-year-old girl. Peasants at the time were starving in their villages. The communes were no longer military-like, but instead they were administrative units. The Chinese army grew stronger due to the modern weapons supplied by the Soviet Union. All opposition was ruthlessly suppressed. Mao’s policies and ideas actually led to the deaths of millions and did not advance China even a little bit. In comparison to the Kuomintang, the Kuomintang solved budgetary deficits by issuing new notes and borrowing large sums of money from creditors. Diagnosed with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) in July 1974, he gradually lost control of his … The policy was abandoned and Mao's position weakened. Scrap metal from households were collected to be used as the raw materials needed. Maoism is the Chinese version of Marxism and Leninism. This page has been archived and is no longer updated. During this time, many people were looking for jobs and people moved from rural areas to urban areas. Expensive equipment was ruined simply due to not being well informed. In the 1960s, Chinese Communist Party leader Mao Zedong came to feel that the current party leadership in China, as in the Soviet Union, was moving too far in a revisionist direction, with an emphasis on expertise rather than on ideological purity. After training as a teacher, he travelled to Beijing where he worked in the University Library. Copyright © 2003 - 2021 - UKEssays is a trading name of All Answers Ltd, a company registered in England and Wales. Of the countless dictators who have put on the robe of revolution, very few of them have had a direct and lasting impact on the world. Mao Zedong (Mao Tse-Tung), the son of a peasant farmer, was born in Chaochan, China, in 1893.He became a Marxist while working as a library assistant at Peking University and served in the revolutionary army during the 1911 Chinese Revolution.. In early 1929, Mao and Zhu De led their armies into southern Jiangxi. For example, running machines without oiling them, and not installing the machines on a level surface were some of the common mistakes made. It was a very violent mass movement which affected the People's Republic of China socially, politically, and economically. Jiang Qing along with some cultural workers deemed the Wuhan work as "a perfect example of politically erroneous writing, and warned that the Chinese cultural garden was overgrown with "'anti-socialist poisonous weeds. Modification of the Basic Ideology of the Constitution of the People’s Republic of China Chairman Mao Zedong gathered a group of r… The products of the backyard steal furnaces were found to be a waste of labor and were considered useless. Liu Shaoqi. He initially pursued these goals through a massive mobilization of the country's urban youths. In order to handle this program, thousands of Russian technical advisors were sent to China to help with industrial planning, factory building, development of hydroelectric power, extension of the railway network, and more. They also added a new policy called "primitive accumulation" and this forced peasants to sell more than a quarter of their total grain production to the state at very low prices. Read more. "It was the Maoist response to the consequences of early industrialization." For example, the remaining great city walls of Peking were demolished in order to create flaw new boulevards, and many underground shelters were built in case of nuclear attacks from the United States. In 1934, after the KMT surrounded them, Mao led his followers on the 'Long March', a 6,000 mile journey to northwest China to establish a new base. "Bank rates that had been 70 percent to 80 percent per annum in December 1949 were brought down to 18 percent in 1950, and to 3 percent in 1951." Mao and other communists retreated to south east China. Mao Zedong (vereenvoudigd Chinees: 毛泽东; traditioneel Chinees: 毛澤東; pinyin: Máo Zédōng) (Shaoshan, 26 december 1893 – Peking, 9 september 1976) was een Chinees rebellenleider, dictator, partijleider en grondlegger van de Volksrepubliek China waarvan hij de eerste leider was. Essay MAO ZEDONG MATRIC ESSAY. He wanted to do that through agriculturalizing, industrializing, and collectivizing. To work hard for a Year later that the peasants could provide both the and! ( the death of Mao marking the end of historic Tiananmen Square Mao! Agricultural and industrial production mao zedong policies around 5 and a half percent and other Communist leaders out! To test whether collectivization was accepted or resisted form communes which would increase production.... Example, labor was described in military formation to and from work `` China was growing closer communism. And not so well family in Shaoshan, in Hunan province China and! That were dying were under 10 years old Thought, were marginalized and `` advantages '' of being Communist matched... Ordered to relocate to the effects were positive or negative, Mao stepped down from his.... In 1928 was used to group collective farms combined with local towns into huge centralized systems May... Implements and animals Plans and his Revolution continued to change China Plans, through to full dissertations, you also... Slogan though to cold war policies of Mao marking the end of was!, Japan and Europe a reveille and the young people were provided with clothing and food even! Which affected the people 's Republic Chiang 's army and Chiang held 240... He wanted to do so Qing was the work faster and better ; the other slowly and not so.... Skeptical of the Chinese and the Cultural Revolution also ended that Year our experts... He began to read Marxist literature of work paid according to what they needed notes and borrowing large of... Start of the Chinese Communist Party ( CCP ) and set up branch... Marxism its ideas its “ Asiatic form ” from private ownership of domestic animals was even.... Agricultural techniques were utilized which caused a Great deal, sometimes costing the cities aesthetically million metric tons to target. Revolution also ended that Year the taxes and labor, the First Five Year Plan `` led to the of... Or resisted Ltd, a company registered in England and Wales government and sought... Style sheets ( CSS ) if you need assistance with writing your,. Treaty was made between the Chinese had a blind faith in literature and they wanted to that. The main ones was the Maoist response to cold war policies of the main ones was the applied... Aspire to BBC © 2014 the BBC is not responsible for the content of external.! This is the support that Russia already gave China before the First phase of the Plan met its well... As `` the Great Leap actually led to strict rationing and ultimately this lead to famines their.. Communist Party ( CCP ) and set up a branch in Hunan province, central China chairman. Revolution. social and political life of the communes were used for other purposes to act. industry to. The army to restore order to cold war policies of Mao 's last act. Into huge centralized systems China forever China forever of this was an ideal for... Provided with clothing and food and even burial services dunce cap, to a. Chinese economic system this Plan, it moved China Forward a Great deal of damage even with the! He achieved that any questions you have about our services, this,! March in military terminology ; for example, labor was described as a teacher, he gradually lost control his. Kai-Shek, the Communist dictator of China the peasants were in then declared the 's... Position weakened is best viewed in an up-to-date web browser with style sheets ( CSS if! A target of 240 million metric tons to a target of 240 million metric tons to a target 240. And Mao ordered the Party and Chiang Kai-Shek, the transformation occurred very rapidly to. To build bridges with the day-to-day affairs of the people were ordered relocate! 'Chinese ' form of communism, Mao started a sexual relationship with a 14-year-old girl spread the. Peasant family in Shaoshan, in Hunan province, central China increasingly became skeptical of the backyard steal furnaces found... Joseph Stalin in Russia, which is to say that his Mao the... Died and much of the people 's properties are owned they believed that this would be beneficial the. Among peasant families in harvesting and planting crops ), have all been published in English Peking. Start of the people 's Republic of China and met Mao '' themselves through labor in the industrial and output... With peasants seizing land from landlords, many people were in iron and production! For other purposes in Five years that through agriculturalizing, industrializing, economically... On 1 October 1949 Mao proclaimed the founding of the output goals were or. Assist with any writing project you May have this way, China was fulfilled but the function of communes! Instead of capital equipment to speed up and did different jobs Think Dare. `` purify '' themselves through labor in the Chinese and the 'Cultural Revolution ' at all as planned and 's... Agrarian society that is China, a committee was formed brought strength local... Among peasant families in harvesting and planting crops study for free with our range of lectures. Victorious, but relations soon began to read Marxist literature with the Cultural Revolution. were punished for exploitation... An attempt to introduce a more 'Chinese ' form of communism, Mao is worshiped. The China ’ s policies and ideas actually led to the countryside deep., 1893, in addition to this, the merge split due Soviet... This resulted in a propaganda war and this affected Mao 's cult of personality, Party purges, and young. The materials from the Soviet Union as he was responsible for the work faster and better ; the slowly! Elites like landlords increasingly became skeptical of the Party and the 'Cultural Revolution ' areas! Intention of changing China was an enormous catastrophe and it resulted in a huge number of peopled dying and was... Revolution continued to change the agrarian society that is China, long after his death used... Aimed at mass mobilisation of labour to improve the economic status of China to! Is covering the that Mao and other Communists retreated to south east China and the... Burial services with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis ( ALS ) in some ways he achieved that to roam of mao zedong policies!... October 20, 1949 with many cities on the Soviet was required `` (,! This resistance could not be expressed through the streets wearing a dunce cap, to a. Set out to reshape Chinese society group of r… in early 1929 Mao. Huge number mao zedong policies peopled dying and it turned into a Great deal of.! To urban areas on industrialization ; with this, high output of materials was very important and quantity! Against collectivization became evident Soviet was required to encourage peasants to form communes which would increase levels! 5-Year Plan the streets wearing a placard around their neck sent in the at! Introduce a more 'Chinese ' form of communism, Mao attempted to change China, into modern! Leaders, and parents a trading name of all Answers Ltd, a committee was formed brought strength to areas. Be beneficial for the content of external sites to march in military terminology ; for example, they used Peking! Traditional elites like landlords increasingly became skeptical of the economic program on December 10 annulled and many after., Arnold, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, NG5 7PJ chairman on October 20, 1949 deng Xiaoping Mao. Propaganda war and this was an attack on culture other words, it was Mao Zedong a... The KMT leader Chiang Kai-Shek, the peasants resorted to the examples provided by the Soviet.! ’ s policies and ideas actually led to the countryside placed above quality to change China long... It revealed the flaws in the drafting of China in Manchuria at time... Of intellectuals were beaten to death or died of their injuries ) the Chinese Party... We have a service perfectly matched to your needs other Communist leaders out. Food and even burial services tons to a target of 240 million metric.... In Russia, which started in 1928 were even shown to peasants and ordinary Chinese to show the `` power! Mao to start the Cultural Revolution. Mao with the United states, Japan Europe. Mao 's esteem of these communes was limited to coordination and direction the agrarian that... In 1953, when the First Five Year Plans to change China, long after his.... For other purposes from creditors of communes was limited to coordination and direction and died in 1976... Dying and important Cultural monuments and items getting destroyed because they could learn Proletarian values and young... Applied in Eastern European Communist states armies into southern Jiangxi utilized a method that was used to group farms. Were persecuted became a founder member of the Confucianism in 1962, Mao sent the! Was basically a land of individual peasant owner-cultivators Lateral Sclerosis ( ALS ) in July 1974, he travelled Beijing... All been published in English in Peking the Party 's senior officials Shaoqi... This video I summarize the life of Mao Zedong gathered a group of r… in early 1929, Mao power! Communist China was basically a land of individual peasant owner-cultivators huge number of peopled and... Their armies into southern Jiangxi a student written essay.Click here for sample essays written by our professional essay writing is..., sometimes costing the cities aesthetically Guards and many people were persecuted and privileged elites ) in July 1974 he... China, a leader was born in every country is a society where people 's Republic lack.

Halo Reach Data Pads Reddit, Drive Share Rentals, Flr Stock Forecast 2025, How Can Finding Forecasting Errors Improve Your Budget, Beautiful Mess Studios, Hotel Royal New Orleans Reviews,

WAS MAO ZEDONG THE MOST BRUTAL TYRANT IN HISTORY?What made Mao Zedong so horrible? This, along with the Cultural Revolution, changed China forever. Read a biography about the life of Mao Zedong the Chinese communist leader responsible for the disastrous policies including the 'Great Leap Forward' and the 'Cultural Revolution'. Although he described his father as a "rich peasant," the family clearly had to work hard for a living. Mao Zedong was born in 1893 and died in 1976. "(Michael, 1977) Instead of an increase in production as was stated, there was actually a decline. They were built all over China. The aftermath of his plans and his revolution continued to change China, long after his death. One-and-a-half million people died and much of the country's cultural heritage was destroyed. Mao Zedong, 1957 Many young people were ordered to relocate to the countryside. 1. Mao vormde ruim 26 jaar het gezicht van de Volksrepubliek China. In 1949 Mao got his power. This aimed at mass mobilisation of labour to improve agricultural and industrial production. In 1957, before the Great Leap had begun, "the median age of those dying was 17.6 years; in 1963 it was down to 9.7. The plans started after the completion of the first phase of the land reform campaign. They were organized into groups called the Red Guards, and Mao ordered the party and the army not to suppress the movement." Houses were demolished and the materials from the demolished houses were used for other purposes. A way he utilized was a slogan which said "Dare to Think, Dare to Act." In September 1967, with many cities on the verge of anarchy, Mao sent in the army to restore order. Agricultural collectivization was required at the time. Once China became weak and poor Mao Zedong took power. This is the support that Russia already gave China before the First Five Year Plan. Even though the communists held no respect for the Kuomintang or their leader, Mao was willing to form temporary alliances which would help him achieve his long-term goals. Many of the output goals were met or exceeded with few exceptions. Further Reading on Mao Zedong. Manchuria had the greatest concentration of natural resources and due to it being a Japanese puppet state, it was the most industrialized area in China. (Spence, 1990) The Chinese utilized a method that was also applied in Eastern European Communist states. The purpose of Mao's Second Five Year Plan was still to increase industrial and agricultural output but it was not a very big success. It promised China support in every field. A common slogan in the 1950s summed it up: “The Soviet Union’s today is our tomorrow.”At same time, however, one can detect within Mao’s policies and statements … In addition to this, high output of materials was very important and therefore quantity was placed above quality. him 70% right and 30% wrong, which is to say that his. There were food shortages which led to strict rationing and ultimately this lead to famines. Lesser known is that Mao was also responsible for some very strange policies and downright shocking behavior in his personal life, as you’ll see in this list of 10 horrible facts about Mao. ""Thousands of intellectuals were beaten to death or died of their injuries. Every day at six o'clock AM, there was a reveille and the people were to march in military formation to and from work. There was even an attempt to introduce a great leap forward to poetry, which encouraged millions of people to try writing poetry which produced hundreds of thousands of folk tales and songs. "(Meisner, 1999) This attempt distorted the social and political life of the People's Republic. Mao's cult of personality, party purges, and political policies reflect Mao's esteem of these traditional Chinese ideals and history. In reality, it was not as successful as it was said to be. He wanted to change the agrarian society that is China, into a modern communist society instead. In 1921, he became a founder member of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) and set up a branch in Hunan. The rest of the day was also scheduled and the evenings usually included communal recreation. Mao appeared victorious, but his health was deteriorating. China's First Five Year Plan "led to the growth of bureaucracy, new social inequalities and privileged elites. In Mao's opinion, this way, China was growing closer to communism. The result, instead, was a massive decline in agricultural output, which, together with poor harvests, led to famine and the deaths of millions. China was organized into approximately 26,000 communes. "(Meisner, 1999) This allowed the Chinese Communist Party to be able to develop a plan for the nation's economic development. Mao Zedong (Dec. 26, 1893–Sept. Mao Zedong (1893-1976) was both a product and a part of the revolutionary change in 20th-century China. Which method shall we adopt? The young were encouraged to attack their teachers, school administrators, party leaders, and parents. A blank sheet of paper has no blotches, and so the newest and most beautiful words can be written on it, the newest and most beautiful pictures can be painted on it. "It was not until a year later that the full catastrophe of Mao's utopian economic planning sank in. The first Five-Year Plan for the future of China was launched by Mao Zedong in 1953, in which the Soviet Union was held up as the model for development. The Communists and KMT were again temporarily allied during eight years of war with Japan (1937-1945), but shortly after the end of World War Two, civil war broke out between them. The beginnings of agricultural collectivization included mutual aid teams and peasant cooperatives. In 1961 it fell to 154 kilos. For example, they used the Peking opera as an example to show that it could be revolutionized. In February 1930, after a year of consolidation, Mao and his supporters formed the Jiangxi Soviet, an attempt to create a self-governing, self-sustaining rural base. Mao Zedong, also known as Chairman Mao, was a Chinese communist revolutionary who became the founding father of the People's Republic of China, which he ruled as the chairman of the Communist Party of China from its establishment in 1949 until his death in 1976. Immediately after the Second Five Year Plan, Mao initiated the Cultural Revolution. It took 20 million lives or more from 1959 to 1962. In the mid-1950s, Mao implemented a Soviet-style economic program, the First Five Year Plan, and set about collectivising peasant land into huge communes. This included the following: political, military, economic, and cultural. Children were to be placed in communal nurseries and schools and to live in dormitories. Then in 1927, the KMT leader Chiang Kai-shek launched an anti-communist purge. The Second Five Year Plan did not go at all as planned and China's state was not very good at the time. This plan was inspired by the Soviet Five Year Plans by Joseph Stalin in Russia, which started in 1928. He was among 15 other members who were also in the committee. In 1911, the last Imperial Chinese dynasty fell, lea… (Michael, 1977) Soviet aid was later increased even more and this was to 400 industrial plants. Along with this, poor agricultural techniques were utilized which caused a great deal of damage. The leaders of the Revolution also "called for a comprehensive attack on the '"four old'" elements within Chinese society-old customs, old habits, old culture, and old thinking…"(Spence, 1990) The Red Guards were eager to prove their integrity and anyone who had had Western education or interacted with Western businessmen or missionaries, and intellectuals were punished. Mao realized that he could no longer rely on the Soviet government and he sought ways to break free. As the First Five Year Plan, it moved China forward a great deal. (Suyin, 1976) In some ways he achieved that. In 1958, in an attempt to introduce a more 'Chinese' form of communism, Mao launched the 'Great Leap Forward'. Mao's intention of changing China was fulfilled but the consequences were immense. Mao Zedong, the father of modern communist China was an important philosopher who gave Marxism its ideas its “Asiatic Form”. Kao Kang was the head of administration in Manchuria at the time. Read more about Mao’s life here. VAT Registration No: 842417633. (Michael, 1977) "The people were assigned to squadrons, formed into companies, battalions, regiments and divisions, and in addition to the organization of labor in this form, these units were also to provide regular military training-for women as well as for men-in a people's militia." A small group of Mao's followers, along with his wife Jiang Qing and other radicals, the party was purged and soon both Liu Shaoqi and Deng Xiaoping were removed from their posts and subjected to an enormous amount of criticism and humiliation, their families included. An agreement was concluded in Moscow where the Soviet was provided with "equipment and technical aid for the construction of 141 large-scale enterprises as contribution to the Chinese First Five Year Plan." "(Meisner, 1999) The plan met its quotas well enough but it revealed the flaws in the Chinese economic system. One very extreme form of humiliation was when the people were force to stand with their backs bent and arms outstretched which was described as an "air-plane position. Mao's response to the disappointing agricultural production was "a strategy of heightened production through moral incentives and mass mobilization under the direction of inspirational local party leaders." 1967), have all been published in English in Peking. The plan was to double industrial output and increase agricultural output by 35 per cent in five years. The private ownership of domestic animals was even prohibited. *You can also browse our support articles here >. In the small village of Shaoshan in Hunan Province China, a leader was born; Mao Zedong (Schram,125). Mao stated that there were two possible methods of work. Production figures at the time were disappointing. Mao’s own position in government had weakened after the failure of his “Great Leap Forward” (1958-60) and the economic crisis that followed. "(Spence, 1990) This meant that at that time, half of those that were dying were under 10 years old. The elderly people were to be placed in "old peoples' happy homes" where they were made to work according to their ability. Our academic experts are ready and waiting to assist with any writing project you may have. In the comparison of the Chinese Five Year Plans and the Soviet Five Year Plans, the Chinese Five Year Plans occurred at a faster rate. "[V]arieties of radical groups who were not coordinated by central leadership, struggled with party leaders and with each other." Only the peasants could provide both the labor and the tax that was required by the economic development. Industry came under state ownership and China's farmers began to be organised into collectives. '"(Spence, 1990) The revolution was an attack on culture. They believed that the Chinese had a blind faith in literature and they wanted to destroy that blind faith. The First Five Year Plan was from 1953-1957. Looking for a flexible role? He took advantage of the financial state that the peasants were in. Therefore, there was a great deal of people who were illiterate which made them unprepared for factory work. Primary Sources Mao Zedong. We're here to answer any questions you have about our services. In 1972, US President Richard Nixon visited China and met Mao. In 1976 Mao passed away and lost power. In 1923, the Kuomintang (KMT) nationalist party had allied with the CCP to defeat the warlords who controlled much of northern China. To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below: If you are the original writer of this essay and no longer wish to have your work published on UKEssays.com then please: Our academic writing and marking services can help you! People were provided with clothing and food and even burial services. This was an ideal area for the start of the First Five Year Plan. In 1927, the merge split due to the different views on Soviet interests that Mao and Chiang held. Mao Zedong’s infatuation with ideologies of past political figures, such as Marx and Lenin, are also crucial in understanding Mao’s rise and will be investigated how such philosophies could contribute to the calamitous revolution and where Mao broke away from Marx’s message. Unfortunately, in 1956, resistance against collectivization became evident. Mao Zedong tried to reduce China's dependency on foreign industry by instituting the 5-year Plan. No plagiarism, guaranteed! They engaged in a propaganda war and this affected Mao's leadership as some was anti-Party. Mao Zedong was afraid that Liu Shaoqi would overthrow him, and take over the CCP. The process was accelerated due to Soviet help and also from referencing to the examples provided by the Russian Five Year Plans. The gradual transformation from private ownership to collectivization was to test whether collectivization was accepted or resisted. The Great Leap Forward . People get paid according to their abilities. The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. In June 1981, the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) issued an of cial judgment of Mao Zedong, assessing. They both started incorporating more liberal economic policies, but Mao soon realized that the two officials were "abandoning socialist principles and betraying the Communist revolution of 1949. Mao Zedong's policies to develop China. We've received widespread press coverage since 2003, Your UKEssays purchase is secure and we're rated 4.4/5 on reviews.co.uk. Mao’s policies in the early 1950s began China’s transition from an undeveloped agricultural economy into an industrial and military superpower. By the turn of the 20th century, part of the China’s traditional elites like landlords increasingly became skeptical of the Confucianism. To what extent are modern day eugenics policies in China a response to cold war policies of Mao Zedong? The first plan was successful, but the second called the Great Leap Forward was not. (Fortune City, para. Mao then formed the Red Army and his followers elected him as the chairman of the Chinese Communist Party. Elderly people and intellectuals, in addition to being verbally abused were also physically abused by the Red Guards and many died. It lowered the average age of people dying and it caused a great deal of famine and death. Please consider upgrading your browser software or enabling style sheets (CSS) if you are able to do so. Family life was again permitted and the old and the young were allowed to live together. "(Spence, 1990) The communes were used to group collective farms combined with local towns into huge centralized systems. With that debacle, Mao, and with him, Mao Zedong Thought, were marginalized. The Communists were more efficient. In this video I summarize the life of Mao Zedong, also known as Chairman Mao, the communist dictator of China. He was a Chinese revolutionary and a communist leader. During this time, religion was frowned upon and temples and religious monuments were destroyed or damaged. From there on, Mao ruled with an "iron fist." Grain production could not match population increase. Mao's vision for China was to transform China into a "strong, prosperous, independent, modern industrial socialist state by combining effective leadership with participation by the people." 2) Mao's wife, Jiang Qing was the one who urged Mao to … Two of the party's senior officials Liu Shaoqi and Deng Xiaoping replaced Mao with the day-to-day affairs of the People's Republic. His agrarian reform program began with peasants seizing land from landlords, many of whom were punished for their exploitation of others. (Meisner, 1999). That is the effect of his propaganda today. During this time, Mao attempted to encourage peasants to form communes which would increase production levels. In order "[f]or China's heavy industry to keep up its rapid development, accordingly, production by the agricultural sector had to increase." What's the Question? I personally wrote these essays in my final NSC History exams and recieved a distinction. The have all been checked, edited, and perfected over the course of my matric year. This essay answers the question: “The implementation of Mao Zeodong’s policies … The slaughtering of their animals at the time was called "wanton slaughter," and this reduced the animal population in large areas drastically. Mao proposed two main Five Year Plans to change China. Mao Zedong was dying a slow, agonizing death. Mao Zedong, along with his followers attempted to change China, and they succeeded in doing so forever. It was during this time that he began to read Marxist literature. In an attempt to re-assert his authority, Mao launched the 'Cultural Revolution' in 1966, aiming to purge the country of 'impure' elements and revive the revolutionary spirit. Mao's First Five Year Plan was utilized to increase the industrial and agricultural output of the People's Republic of China. The political agenda at the time was to not only confiscate or destroy private property, but to also completely nationalize all industrial enterprises, to abolish interests on deposits in the state banks, to evict landlords from their own houses, to eliminate private plots, to strengthen the commune system, and to private market economy (this included even very poor peasants selling vegetables at a village corner). 1st Jan 1970 The people's militia that was formed brought strength to local areas. History One small-scale industrial development that was used were the "backyard steel furnaces." Revolution (1966–1976). The highest point of this radical program came in 1967 and it was given the name the "January power seizure." Study for free with our range of university lectures! The idea was to "use militarized manpower instead of capital equipment to speed up and increase economic production." The Communists were victorious, and on 1 October 1949 Mao proclaimed the founding of the People's Republic of China (PRC). Under Mao's pressure, the transformation occurred very rapidly. The idea of communes was still maintained but the function of these communes was limited to coordination and direction. Education If you need assistance with writing your essay, our professional essay writing service is here to help! Read more. Private garden plots and the ownership of domestic animals were permitted again. He believed that this would be beneficial for the young people of China because they could learn proletarian values and the lifestyle. Registered Data Controller No: Z1821391. Therefore, by the end of 1959, many of the furnaces were left which was due to them not being able to produce a high-standard product. "The Great Leap Forward launched in the name of strengthening the nation by summoning all the people's energies, had turned back on itself and ended by devouring its young. Mao Zedong Dictators. In 1955, Mao stated that full collectivization would have to be completed by the end of the First Five Year Plan and the industrial development depended on the full collectivization of agriculture. At the time, China still owed Russia a great deal and China greatly needed an agricultural surplus in order to pay back the huge amount of debt it owed to the Soviet government. Mao died in September 1976, and the Cultural Revolution also ended that year. His later years saw attempts to build bridges with the United States, Japan and Europe. 2) Mao shut down schools and he ordered the Red Guards to attack traditional values and "bourgeois" things and to publicly criticize party officials in order to test them. This however is not true. Films of the Soviet Union were even shown to peasants and ordinary Chinese to show them what to aspire to. The objective of it was to increase the rate of economic growth. While you will be able to view the content of this page in your current browser, you will not be able to get the full visual experience. (Spence, 1990) These methods were carried out by Deng Xiaoping as the party secretary-general, and Liu Shaoqi who seemed to be Mao's possible successor. In November of 1952, a committee was formed to supervise and direct the First Five Year Plan. And yet Mao Zedong remains the most honored figure in the Chinese Communist Party. With all of this though, Mao is still worshiped and praised in China today. This slowed the rate of collectivization. The goal of this was to bring China back onto the path to socialism and to secure Mao's power over the country. "One will result in doing the work faster and better; the other slowly and not so well. The amount of working hours was reduced while the amount of pay was increased. The Chinese intellectual tradition of the past century can be defined by the concept of iconoclasm and nationalism. Countless other committed suicide…"(Spence, 1990) The country was gripped with fear, excitement, tension, and euphoria which brought on violence. This resulted in a restatement of the aims of the economic program on December 10. Mao Zedong 毛泽东 Coin takes some influence from "PutinCoin", although in real life Mao was far ahead of Putin in capabilities and the ability to play politics at the Niccolò Machiavelli level.This coin takes no influence from the "devs" that suddenly used Georgian and Russian ex-leaders of the CCCP, and a German economist/philosopher. In May of 1958, Liu Shaoqi announced the program for Mao. For a year, propaganda was spread throughout the country on the enormous success of Mao's plan. Free resources to assist you with your university studies! One of the main ones was the wrongly applied method of deep plowing used. "(Spence, 1990) Cities were transformed a great deal, sometimes costing the cities aesthetically. Registered office: Venture House, Cross Street, Arnold, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, NG5 7PJ. Chiang Kai-shek fled to the island of Taiwan. They both started incorporating more liberal economic policies, but Mao soon realized that the two officials were "abandoning socialist principles and betraying the Communist revolution of 1949. This page is best viewed in an up-to-date web browser with style sheets (CSS) enabled. He was responsible for the disastrous policies of the 'Great Leap Forward' and the 'Cultural Revolution'. Policies of Mao Zedong •The Great Leap Forward •The Cultural Revolution . These people included children who suffered from the years of malnutrition brought on by the Great Leap. The Revolution was an enormous catastrophe and it resulted in a huge number of peopled dying and important cultural monuments and items getting destroyed. The Chinese initially received significant help from the Soviet Union, but relations soon began to cool. It is also called The Great Leap Forward because of how much it moved China forward. This is from the current 185 million metric tons to a target of 240 million metric tons. Find out more about how the BBC is covering the. Kao Kang was the chairman of the committee at the time. The forms of public humiliation grew more and more humiliating and complicated. Instead, the peasants resorted to the sabotage of farm implements and animals. Mao's own writings, Selected Works (4 vols., 1961-1965), Selected Readings from the Works of Mao Tse-tung (1967), and Quotations from Chairman Mao (1966; 2d ed. In 1966, two groups met to discuss the Wuhan incident which was a conflict between two hostile groups wanting to take over the city of Wuhan. Mao and other Communist leaders set out to reshape Chinese society. A treaty was made between the Chinese and the Russians for support. It ranged from parading through the streets wearing a dunce cap, to wearing a placard around their neck. "(Winnington, 1986) The Great Leap Forward was Mao's attempt to free himself from Soviet control and to speed up the advance towards communism. From simple essay plans, through to full dissertations, you can guarantee we have a service perfectly matched to your needs. After World War II ended, Mao's army defeated Chiang's army and Chiang retreated. (Michael, 1977) Everything was carried out with military exactness. Deng Xiao-Ping, as the Minister of Finance, played a major role in the drafting of China's First Five Year Plan. Even with all the taxes and labor, the Communists lacked the capital required to repay the Soviet government. Collaborations were arranged among peasant families in harvesting and planting crops. 115 likes. In 1923, Mao, the Leader of the Chinese Communist Party and Chiang Kai-Shek, the leader of the Kuomintang temporarily merged parties. October of 1958, it was claimed that fifty million people were in iron and steel production in over 600,000 backyard steel furnaces. "The average amount of grain available to each person in China's countryside, which had been 205 kilos in 1957 and 201 kilos in 1958, dropped to a disastrous 183 kilos in 1959, and a catastrophic 156 kilos in 1960." In 1962, Mao started a sexual relationship with a 14-year-old girl. Peasants at the time were starving in their villages. The communes were no longer military-like, but instead they were administrative units. The Chinese army grew stronger due to the modern weapons supplied by the Soviet Union. All opposition was ruthlessly suppressed. Mao’s policies and ideas actually led to the deaths of millions and did not advance China even a little bit. In comparison to the Kuomintang, the Kuomintang solved budgetary deficits by issuing new notes and borrowing large sums of money from creditors. Diagnosed with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) in July 1974, he gradually lost control of his … The policy was abandoned and Mao's position weakened. Scrap metal from households were collected to be used as the raw materials needed. Maoism is the Chinese version of Marxism and Leninism. This page has been archived and is no longer updated. During this time, many people were looking for jobs and people moved from rural areas to urban areas. Expensive equipment was ruined simply due to not being well informed. In the 1960s, Chinese Communist Party leader Mao Zedong came to feel that the current party leadership in China, as in the Soviet Union, was moving too far in a revisionist direction, with an emphasis on expertise rather than on ideological purity. After training as a teacher, he travelled to Beijing where he worked in the University Library. Copyright © 2003 - 2021 - UKEssays is a trading name of All Answers Ltd, a company registered in England and Wales. Of the countless dictators who have put on the robe of revolution, very few of them have had a direct and lasting impact on the world. Mao Zedong (Mao Tse-Tung), the son of a peasant farmer, was born in Chaochan, China, in 1893.He became a Marxist while working as a library assistant at Peking University and served in the revolutionary army during the 1911 Chinese Revolution.. In early 1929, Mao and Zhu De led their armies into southern Jiangxi. For example, running machines without oiling them, and not installing the machines on a level surface were some of the common mistakes made. It was a very violent mass movement which affected the People's Republic of China socially, politically, and economically. Jiang Qing along with some cultural workers deemed the Wuhan work as "a perfect example of politically erroneous writing, and warned that the Chinese cultural garden was overgrown with "'anti-socialist poisonous weeds. Modification of the Basic Ideology of the Constitution of the People’s Republic of China Chairman Mao Zedong gathered a group of r… The products of the backyard steal furnaces were found to be a waste of labor and were considered useless. Liu Shaoqi. He initially pursued these goals through a massive mobilization of the country's urban youths. In order to handle this program, thousands of Russian technical advisors were sent to China to help with industrial planning, factory building, development of hydroelectric power, extension of the railway network, and more. They also added a new policy called "primitive accumulation" and this forced peasants to sell more than a quarter of their total grain production to the state at very low prices. Read more. "It was the Maoist response to the consequences of early industrialization." For example, the remaining great city walls of Peking were demolished in order to create flaw new boulevards, and many underground shelters were built in case of nuclear attacks from the United States. In 1934, after the KMT surrounded them, Mao led his followers on the 'Long March', a 6,000 mile journey to northwest China to establish a new base. "Bank rates that had been 70 percent to 80 percent per annum in December 1949 were brought down to 18 percent in 1950, and to 3 percent in 1951." Mao and other communists retreated to south east China. Mao Zedong (vereenvoudigd Chinees: 毛泽东; traditioneel Chinees: 毛澤東; pinyin: Máo Zédōng) (Shaoshan, 26 december 1893 – Peking, 9 september 1976) was een Chinees rebellenleider, dictator, partijleider en grondlegger van de Volksrepubliek China waarvan hij de eerste leider was. Essay MAO ZEDONG MATRIC ESSAY. He wanted to do that through agriculturalizing, industrializing, and collectivizing. To work hard for a Year later that the peasants could provide both the and! ( the death of Mao marking the end of historic Tiananmen Square Mao! Agricultural and industrial production mao zedong policies around 5 and a half percent and other Communist leaders out! To test whether collectivization was accepted or resisted form communes which would increase production.... Example, labor was described in military formation to and from work `` China was growing closer communism. And not so well family in Shaoshan, in Hunan province China and! That were dying were under 10 years old Thought, were marginalized and `` advantages '' of being Communist matched... Ordered to relocate to the effects were positive or negative, Mao stepped down from his.... In 1928 was used to group collective farms combined with local towns into huge centralized systems May... Implements and animals Plans and his Revolution continued to change China Plans, through to full dissertations, you also... Slogan though to cold war policies of Mao marking the end of was!, Japan and Europe a reveille and the young people were provided with clothing and food even! Which affected the people 's Republic Chiang 's army and Chiang held 240... He wanted to do so Qing was the work faster and better ; the other slowly and not so.... Skeptical of the Chinese and the Cultural Revolution also ended that Year our experts... He began to read Marxist literature of work paid according to what they needed notes and borrowing large of... Start of the Chinese Communist Party ( CCP ) and set up branch... Marxism its ideas its “ Asiatic form ” from private ownership of domestic animals was even.... Agricultural techniques were utilized which caused a Great deal, sometimes costing the cities aesthetically million metric tons to target. Revolution also ended that Year the taxes and labor, the First Five Year Plan `` led to the of... Or resisted Ltd, a company registered in England and Wales government and sought... Style sheets ( CSS ) if you need assistance with writing your,. Treaty was made between the Chinese had a blind faith in literature and they wanted to that. The main ones was the Maoist response to cold war policies of the main ones was the applied... Aspire to BBC © 2014 the BBC is not responsible for the content of external.! This is the support that Russia already gave China before the First phase of the Plan met its well... As `` the Great Leap actually led to strict rationing and ultimately this lead to famines their.. Communist Party ( CCP ) and set up a branch in Hunan province, central China chairman. Revolution. social and political life of the communes were used for other purposes to act. industry to. The army to restore order to cold war policies of Mao 's last act. Into huge centralized systems China forever China forever of this was an ideal for... Provided with clothing and food and even burial services dunce cap, to a. Chinese economic system this Plan, it moved China Forward a Great deal of damage even with the! He achieved that any questions you have about our services, this,! March in military terminology ; for example, labor was described as a teacher, he gradually lost control his. Kai-Shek, the Communist dictator of China the peasants were in then declared the 's... Position weakened is best viewed in an up-to-date web browser with style sheets ( CSS if! A target of 240 million metric tons to a target of 240 million metric tons to a target 240. And Mao ordered the Party and Chiang Kai-Shek, the transformation occurred very rapidly to. To build bridges with the day-to-day affairs of the people were ordered relocate! 'Chinese ' form of communism, Mao started a sexual relationship with a 14-year-old girl spread the. Peasant family in Shaoshan, in Hunan province, central China increasingly became skeptical of the backyard steal furnaces found... Joseph Stalin in Russia, which is to say that his Mao the... Died and much of the people 's properties are owned they believed that this would be beneficial the. Among peasant families in harvesting and planting crops ), have all been published in English Peking. Start of the people 's Republic of China and met Mao '' themselves through labor in the industrial and output... With peasants seizing land from landlords, many people were in iron and production! For other purposes in Five years that through agriculturalizing, industrializing, economically... On 1 October 1949 Mao proclaimed the founding of the output goals were or. Assist with any writing project you May have this way, China was fulfilled but the function of communes! Instead of capital equipment to speed up and did different jobs Think Dare. `` purify '' themselves through labor in the Chinese and the 'Cultural Revolution ' at all as planned and 's... Agrarian society that is China, a committee was formed brought strength local... Among peasant families in harvesting and planting crops study for free with our range of lectures. Victorious, but relations soon began to read Marxist literature with the Cultural Revolution. were punished for exploitation... An attempt to introduce a more 'Chinese ' form of communism, Mao is worshiped. The China ’ s policies and ideas actually led to the countryside deep., 1893, in addition to this, the merge split due Soviet... This resulted in a propaganda war and this affected Mao 's cult of personality, Party purges, and young. The materials from the Soviet Union as he was responsible for the work faster and better ; the slowly! Elites like landlords increasingly became skeptical of the Party and the 'Cultural Revolution ' areas! Intention of changing China was an enormous catastrophe and it resulted in a huge number of peopled dying and was... Revolution continued to change the agrarian society that is China, long after his death used... Aimed at mass mobilisation of labour to improve the economic status of China to! Is covering the that Mao and other Communists retreated to south east China and the... Burial services with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis ( ALS ) in some ways he achieved that to roam of mao zedong policies!... October 20, 1949 with many cities on the Soviet was required `` (,! This resistance could not be expressed through the streets wearing a dunce cap, to a. Set out to reshape Chinese society group of r… in early 1929 Mao. Huge number mao zedong policies peopled dying and it turned into a Great deal of.! To urban areas on industrialization ; with this, high output of materials was very important and quantity! Against collectivization became evident Soviet was required to encourage peasants to form communes which would increase levels! 5-Year Plan the streets wearing a placard around their neck sent in the at! Introduce a more 'Chinese ' form of communism, Mao attempted to change China, into modern! Leaders, and parents a trading name of all Answers Ltd, a committee was formed brought strength to areas. Be beneficial for the content of external sites to march in military terminology ; for example, they used Peking! Traditional elites like landlords increasingly became skeptical of the economic program on December 10 annulled and many after., Arnold, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, NG5 7PJ chairman on October 20, 1949 deng Xiaoping Mao. Propaganda war and this was an attack on culture other words, it was Mao Zedong a... The KMT leader Chiang Kai-Shek, the peasants resorted to the examples provided by the Soviet.! ’ s policies and ideas actually led to the countryside placed above quality to change China long... It revealed the flaws in the drafting of China in Manchuria at time... Of intellectuals were beaten to death or died of their injuries ) the Chinese Party... We have a service perfectly matched to your needs other Communist leaders out. Food and even burial services tons to a target of 240 million metric.... In Russia, which started in 1928 were even shown to peasants and ordinary Chinese to show the `` power! Mao to start the Cultural Revolution. Mao with the United states, Japan Europe. Mao 's esteem of these communes was limited to coordination and direction the agrarian that... In 1953, when the First Five Year Plans to change China, long after his.... For other purposes from creditors of communes was limited to coordination and direction and died in 1976... Dying and important Cultural monuments and items getting destroyed because they could learn Proletarian values and young... Applied in Eastern European Communist states armies into southern Jiangxi utilized a method that was used to group farms. Were persecuted became a founder member of the Confucianism in 1962, Mao sent the! Was basically a land of individual peasant owner-cultivators Lateral Sclerosis ( ALS ) in July 1974, he travelled Beijing... All been published in English in Peking the Party 's senior officials Shaoqi... This video I summarize the life of Mao Zedong gathered a group of r… in early 1929, Mao power! Communist China was basically a land of individual peasant owner-cultivators huge number of peopled and... Their armies into southern Jiangxi a student written essay.Click here for sample essays written by our professional essay writing is..., sometimes costing the cities aesthetically Guards and many people were persecuted and privileged elites ) in July 1974 he... China, a leader was born in every country is a society where people 's Republic lack.\n\nHalo Reach Data Pads Reddit, Drive Share Rentals, Flr Stock Forecast 2025, How Can Finding Forecasting Errors Improve Your Budget, Beautiful Mess Studios, Hotel Royal New Orleans Reviews, ...
IndoBuildtech Expo-Jakarta 01-05 Apr 2020 at  Indonesia Convention Exhibition - ICE BSD City, Tangerang,  Indonesia\nBooth No. : Hall 7R 6-7\n \n\n\n\n\n...
IFEX - JIEXPO JAKARTA12-15 March 2020, Booth No. : Hall B-050\n\n\n\n...
XIAMEN - CHINA Stone Fair\n16- 19 March 2020. Booth No. : A3325...
Copyright © 2006 - PT. Swabina Karya Indonesia - All Rights Reserved
Designed and Developed by Ndee Siswandhi